stratagem

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English stratageme, from Old French stratageme, from Latin strategema, from Ancient Greek στρατήγημα (stratḗgēma, the act of a general, a piece of generalship), from στρατηγέω (stratēgéō, to be a general, command an army), from στρατηγός (stratēgós, a general, the leader or commander of an army). See strategy.

PronunciationEdit

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈstɹæt.ə.dʒəm/
  • (file)

NounEdit

stratagem (countable and uncountable, plural stratagems)

  1. A tactic or artifice designed to gain the upper hand, especially one involving underhanded dealings or deception.
    • 1837, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Ethel Churchill, volume 2, page 265:
      She will not yet be permitted to return to the Manor House: it is too convenient for 'treasons, stratagems,' &c.; and it is as well not to be put in the way of temptation: but she will be allowed perfect liberty in London.
    • 2012 March 22, Scott Tobias, AV Club The Hunger Games[1]:
      While Collins does include a love triangle, a coming-of-age story, and other YA-friendly elements in the mix, they serve as a Trojan horse to smuggle readers into a hopeless world where love becomes a stratagem and growing up is a matter of basic survival.
  2. Specifically, such a tactic or artifice in military operation.
  3. (uncountable) Military deception or artifice.
  4. (uncountable) Cunning and artifice in general.
  5. (obsolete) A violent deed.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin strategema, from Ancient Greek στρατήγημα (stratḗgēma).

NounEdit

stratagem m (oblique plural stratagens, nominative singular stratagens, nominative plural stratagem)

  1. strategy; stratagem