See also: szökik

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of unknown origin[1] + -ik.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ ˈsokik]
  • Hyphenation: szo‧kik
  • Rhymes: -okik

VerbEdit

szokik

  1. (intransitive) to get used to something (-hoz/-hez/-höz), to get accustomed to
  2. (auxiliary with an infinitive, formally in the past tense, transitive, intransitive) to do something usually, generally, normally, or habitually (compare szokás (habit))
    Synonyms: általában, rendszerint, többnyire, jellemzően (all these are adverbs, as its use closely resembles them)
    A leveleket reggel szoktam elolvasni.I generally read the mail in the morning.

Usage notesEdit

  • In the second meaning, the verb is only used in the past tense (szokott and other forms), with the infinitive of another verb.
  • There is no modern Hungarian equivalent to used to (formerly and habitually did). The appropriate (dated) past perfect construction, szokott volt, is still colloquial in some dialects. Use szokott volt or régen (or similar adverbs) along with the past tense of szokik to express this notion. Compare:
    Reggelente szoktam elolvasni a leveleimet. ― I usually read my mail in the morning.
    Reggelente szoktam volt elolvasni a leveleimet. ― I used to read my mail in the morning.
  • There is a slight difference in meaning between szokik and hozzászokik in certain sentences.
    Nem vagyok a korai keléshez szokva. ― I'm not used to waking up early. (Implying that the person does not usually get up early in the morning.)
    Nem vagyok a korai keléshez hozzászokva. ― I'm not used to waking up early. (Implying that the person is not usually successful at waking up early, even though he has been doing it for some time.)

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

(With verbal prefixes):

Further readingEdit

  • szokik in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’An Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN