used to

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /juːs(t).tu/, /juːs(t).tə/
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From used, past participle of use (to perform habitually) + to

AdjectiveEdit

used to (comparative more used to, superlative most used to)

  1. (idiomatic, with noun phrase) Accustomed to, tolerant or accepting of.
    I am used to cleaning up other people’s mess.  I became used to his ways.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 5, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      “Well,” I says, “I cal'late a body could get used to Tophet if he stayed there long enough.” ¶ She flared up; the least mite of a slam at Doctor Wool was enough to set her going.
    • 1922, Margery Williams, The Velveteen Rabbit
      He was shivering a little, for he had always been used to sleeping in a proper bed, and by this time his coat had worn so thin and threadbare from hugging that it was no longer any protection to him.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From used, past of use (perform habitually) + to (infinitive marker)

AdverbEdit

used to (not comparable)

  1. (temporal location) Formerly, once, and habitually or repeatedly, but possibly no longer.
    I used to be undecided, but now I’m not so sure.
    I used to like that band and I still do.
    I used to know a guy from the UK who pronounced "mother" without the "r".
    It used to be me, sitting in that chair.
    There used to be open fields here. Now it's a shopping mall.
    • 1879, Richard Jefferies, chapter 1, The Amateur Poacher:
      They burned the old gun that used to stand in the dark corner up in the garret, close to the stuffed fox that always grinned so fiercely. Perhaps the reason why he seemed in such a ghastly rage was that he did not come by his death fairly. Otherwise his pelt would not have been so perfect.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, The Celebrity:
      He used to drop into my chambers once in a while to smoke, and was first-rate company. When I gave a dinner there was generally a cover laid for him. I liked the man for his own sake, and even had he promised to turn out a celebrity it would have had no weight with me.
    • 1980, Björn Ulvaeus, Benny Andersson (lyrics), Agnetha Fältskog (lead vocalist), ABBA, The Winner Takes It All
      But tell me does she kiss like I used to kiss you? / Does it feel the same, when she calls your name?
    • 2002, David I. Grossvogel, Didn't You Used to Be Depardieu?.
    • 2003, G. E. Kruckeberg, Things My Daddy Used to Say.
Usage notesEdit
  • The following negative constructions:
    • used not to; usedn't to; usen't to
    • did not use to; didn't use to
    • did not used to; didn't used to
    and their corresponding interrogative constructions:
    • used [subject] to [] ?
    • did [subject] use to [] ?
    • did [subject] used to [] ?
    are all well attested, with different constructions being preferred in different regions at different times.
  • When it is not necessary to include the following verb, in some regions it is usual to use the verb do as a stand-in (“He works harder than he used to do.”), whereas in others it is usual to use no verb at all (“He works harder than he used to”).
  • In these senses, the word used is given the pronunciation yoost rather than the usual yoozd (as in "the key was used to open the door").
TranslationsEdit
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Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 16:43