township

EnglishEdit

 
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Bangor Township, Bay County, Michigan

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English towneship, townschip, tounshipe, tunscipe, from Old English tūnsċipe (the inhabitants of a town; township), equivalent to town +‎ -ship.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈtaʊnʃɪp/
  • (file)

NounEdit

township (plural townships)

  1. The territory of a town.
    • 2010, Rajib Shaw, Danai Thaitakoo, Water Communities[1], Emerald Books, →ISBN, ISSN 2040-7262, OCLC 1200867792, page 252:
      Furthermore, everyone knows that the crops grown at Chou-Shui River are of high quality, like the rice of Siluo Township, watermelons of Erlun Township, garlic of Cihtong Township, flowers of Shijo Township, guava of Shetou Township, and so on.
  2. (US, Canada) A subdivision of a county.
  3. (South Africa, Pre 1994) An area set aside for nonwhite occupation.
    • 1972, Daily Dispatch:
      In addition, the council has completed the planning of a new Coloured township on the site of the existing African township.
  4. (South Africa, Post 1994) A nonwhite (usually subeconomic) area attached to a city.
  5. (Australia, New Zealand) A small town.

Usage notesEdit

In the US (derived from an obsolete UK usage), the term "township" refers to a division of a county, and may include one or more towns, villages, hamlets, or small cities. It may also be an administrative district for an unincorporated rural area. The exact nature of a township, and its role in local administration, differs from state to state. Not every state has townships, more detail can be found in the article Township (United States).

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Portuguese: township

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Jean Branford, editor (1978) A Dictionary of South African English, Oxford


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

township m (plural townships)

  1. township (in South Africa)
  2. (Canada) canton

PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

township

  1. (historical) township (area set aside for non-white occupation in South Africa)