Czech

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Czech obec, from Proto-Slavic *obьťь.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈobɛt͡s]
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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obec f

  1. municipality, village, locality, community

Declension

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • obec in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • obec in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • obec in Internetová jazyková příručka

Old Czech

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *obьťь.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): (13th CE) /ˈobɛt͡s/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /ˈobɛt͡s/

Noun

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obec f

  1. community (society of people living together in a certain territory)
    1. community of the same religious faith, especially a Christian one
  2. common people, laity (as opposed to people)
  3. estate (layers of the population participating in power in a feudal state)
  4. municipal assembly (collective of people settled in the village and participating in its self-administration)
  5. Hussite military-power group (revolutionary attempt to create Hussite state power)
  6. (in translations of Latin) state, empire
  7. municipality (territorial district of the municipal)
  8. common property belonging to everyone

Declension

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Descendants

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  • Czech: obec
  • Old Polish: obec

References

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Old Polish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Old Czech obec. Doublet of obiec, an inherited form. First attested in 1439.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /ɔbɛt͡s/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /ɔbɛt͡s/

Noun

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obec f

  1. (attested in Greater Poland) a vestigial institution of land law consisting in appointing in customary cases, e.g. when nobility is reprimanded, a group of witnesses with an unblemished reputation, long settled in a given area
    Synonym: obiec
    • 1878-1889 [1439], Archiwum Komisji Historycznej[1], volume III, Greater Poland, page 343:
      Nobilis Andreas produxit... duos nobiles... post patrem, item produxit nobilem Petrum... et Martinum... post matrem, item produxit duos tercios... de communibus al. s obcze... Iurauerunt primi et sequentes..., quod... Andreas... est nobilis
      [Nobilis Andreas produxit... duos nobiles... post patrem, item produxit nobilem Petrum... et Martinum... post matrem, item produxit duos tercios... de communibus al. z obce... Iurauerunt primi et sequentes..., quod... Andreas... est nobilis]

Descendants

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References

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Old Slovak

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *obьťь.

Noun

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obec f

  1. a trade, labour, interest, religious or animal community, society
  2. the common people (the lower social classe)
  3. broader committee of town, village or guild self-government; elected board of directors
  4. territorial area of urban or village self-government
  5. a village (the smallest economic-administrative unit)
  6. empire, state
  7. common property (which belongs to all)
  8. the whole

Derived terms

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adjectives
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nouns

Descendants

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References

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  • Majtán, Milan et al., editors (1991–2008), “obec”, in Historický slovník slovenského jazyka [Historical Dictionary of the Slovak Language] (in Slovak), volumes 1–7 (A – Ž), Bratislava: VEDA, →OCLC

Polish

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Polish obec. Displaced and doublet of obiec, an inherited form.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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obec f

  1. (obsolete) community; group; gathering
    Synonym: (Middle Polish) obiec

Declension

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Derived terms

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preposition
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adjecetive
adverb
noun

Further reading

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Slovak

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Slovak obec.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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obec f

  1. municipality

Declension

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Derived terms

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adjectives
nouns

Further reading

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  • obec”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024