See also: Stad, städ, stąd, and stað

AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch stad, from Middle Dutch stat, from Old Dutch stad, from Proto-Germanic *stadiz, from Proto-Indo-European *stéh₂tis.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /stat/
  • (file)

NounEdit

stad (plural stede)

  1. city
    Ons gaan nou stad toe.
    We are going to town now.

BretonEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Old French estat.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

stad f (plural stadoù)

  1. state

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Danish stath, from Old Norse staðr (place, city), from Proto-Germanic *stadiz. Originally the same word as sted (place).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

stad c (singular definite staden, plural indefinite stæder)

  1. (dated) town, city

InflectionEdit

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch stat, from Old Dutch stat, stedi (whence stede, stee), from Proto-West Germanic *stadi, from Proto-Germanic *stadiz, from Proto-Indo-European *stéh₂tis.

The plural has preserved the old Germanic umlaut in a morphological function, a rarity in Dutch. Several derived terms have umlaut as well.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

stad f (plural steden, diminutive stadje n)

  1. city, town
  2. the town/city centre
    Ik ben nu in de stad.
    I am now in town. I am now in the centre (of town).
    Ik ga de stad in.
    I am going into town.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: stad
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: stati
  • Jersey Dutch: stād
  • Negerhollands: stadt, stad
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: stat
  • Caribbean Javanese: setat
  • Papiamentu: stat, stad

GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

stad

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌳

IrishEdit

 
Irish stop sign

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish stad, from Latin status, perfect passive participle of stō (stand, remain).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

stad (present analytic stadann, future analytic stadfaidh, verbal noun stad, past participle stadta)

  1. stop, halt, cease, stay

ConjugationEdit

NounEdit

stad m (genitive singular stad, nominative plural stadanna)

  1. verbal noun of stad
  2. stop, halt
  3. pause, cessation
  4. hindrance, impediment
  5. stop (stopping-place, e.g. bus or tram stop)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


MalteseEdit

Root
s-j-d
3 terms

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic اِصْطادَ(iṣṭāda, to hunt, fish).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

stad (imperfect jistad, past participle mistad)

  1. to fish (catch fish)

ConjugationEdit

    Conjugation of stad
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
perfect m stadt stadt stad stadna stadtu stadu
f stadet
imperfect m nistad tistad jistad nistadu tistadu jistadu
f tistad
imperative stad stadu
  • Colloquially, the first and second persons of the perfect may be formed irregularly as stadejt, stadejna, stadejtu.

Related termsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

stad

  1. Alternative form of stede (place)

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse staðr (place, spot, city, town), from Proto-Germanic *stadiz (place, location), from Proto-Indo-European *stéh₂tis (standing, position), from *steh₂- (to stand (up)) + *-tis (derives abstract/action nouns from verb roots)

NounEdit

stad m (definite singular staden, indefinite plural steder, definite plural stedene)

  1. (literary) a (large) city, (also in compounds) town

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse staðr, from Proto-Germanic *stadiz, from Proto-Indo-European *stéh₂tis.

NounEdit

stad m (definite singular staden, indefinite plural stader or stadar, definite plural stadene or stadane)

  1. place
  2. city, town
  3. situation
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

stad n (definite singular stadet, indefinite plural stad, definite plural stada)

  1. river bank
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Short form of av stad.

AdverbEdit

stad

  1. away; off
    Han fór stad om morgonen.
    He went off in the morning.
SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /stat/
  • Rhymes: -at
  • Syllabification: stad

NounEdit

stad n

  1. genitive plural of stado

RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin aestās, aestātem.

NounEdit

stad m (plural stads)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Surmiran) summer

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish stad, from Latin status, perfect passive participle of stō (stand, remain).

VerbEdit

stad (past stad, future stadaidh, verbal noun stadadh, past participle stadte)

  1. stop, halt, pause

InflectionEdit

Tense \ Voice Active Passive
Present a' stadadh --
Past stad stadadh
Future stadaidh stadar
Conditional stadadh stadtadh

NounEdit

stad m (genitive singular stada, plural stadan)[1]

  1. stop
  2. pause

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish staþer, from Old Norse staðr, from Proto-Germanic *stadiz, from Proto-Indo-European *stéh₂tis.

PronunciationEdit

Note that when used in compound words (e.g. stadsdel), stads- is pronounced IPA(key): /stats/.

NounEdit

stad c

  1. a town, a city
    Coordinate terms: by (village), samhälle (community), storstad (large city)
  1. (obsolete, still in some compounds) stead, place

DeclensionEdit

Declension of stad 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative stad staden städer städerna
Genitive stads stadens städers städernas

Usage notesEdit

Today Sweden have no legal definition of stad, settlements are instead defined via the terms centralort (central locality) and tätort (dense(-ly populated) locality). However; in 1995 Statistics Sweden defined stad as a built-up area with more than ten-thousands inhabitants.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit