Latin

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Latin numbers (edit)
30
 ←  2 III
3
4  → [a], [b]
    Cardinal: trēs
    Ordinal: tertius
    Adverbial: ter
    Multiplier: triplex, triplus
    Distributive: ternus, trīnus
    Collective: terniō
    Fractional: triēns

Etymology

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From Proto-Italic *triznos, itself from Proto-Indo-European *trís (thrice) and the adjective-forming suffix *-nós (see Latin -nus), equivalent to Latin ter +‎ -nus (compare the alternative form ternus).

Pronunciation

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Numeral

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trīnus (feminine trīna, neuter trīnum); first/second-declension numeral

  1. (in the plural) three each
  2. triple
  3. (in pluralibus tantum) three

Declension

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First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative trīnus trīna trīnum trīnī trīnae trīna
Genitive trīnī trīnae trīnī trīnum
trīnōrum
trīnum
trīnārum
trīnum
trīnōrum
Dative trīnō trīnō trīnīs
Accusative trīnum trīnam trīnum trīnōs trīnās trīna
Ablative trīnō trīnā trīnō trīnīs
Vocative trīne trīna trīnum trīnī trīnae trīna

Descendants

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  • Italian: trino, trina
  • Sicilian: trinu
  • Vulgar Latin: *trēna
  • Middle French: trin
    • Middle English: trine

References

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  • trinus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • trinus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • trinus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.