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See also: trés, très, três, třes, treš, tres-, and trěś

Contents

EnglishEdit

NounEdit

tres (plural treses)

  1. (music) A three-course stringed instrument similar to a guitar; the Cuban variant has six strings, and the Puerto Rican has nine.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Albanian *trõtja, etymologically identical with Slavic *tratjǫ, *tratiti 'to spend, to waste'[1].

NounEdit

tres (first-person singular past tense treta, participle tretur)

  1. I dissolve, digest, melt down, lose weight
  2. I throw away
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ A Concise Historical Grammar of the Albanian Language, V.Orel, Koninklijke Brill ,Leiden 2000, p.464

AragoneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

AsturianEdit

Asturian cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : terceru

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

NumeralEdit

tres (indeclinable)

  1. (cardinal) three
Usage notesEdit

When there is possibility of confusion with the preposition tres, the numeral tres is accented as trés

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin trāns (beyond, on the other side).

PrepositionEdit

tres

  1. behind, beyond
  2. after

CatalanEdit

Catalan cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : tercer
    Multiplier : triple
Catalan Wikipedia article on tres

EtymologyEdit

From Old Provençal tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

tres m, f

  1. (cardinal) three

Derived termsEdit

  • tenir en cap a tres quarts de quinze = be absent-minded or crazy
  • en un tres i no res
  • buscar tres peus al gat = search for all the inconveniences

NounEdit

tres m (plural tresos)

  1. three

Further readingEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Clipping of tresindstyve, from "tre +‎ sinde +‎ tyve", lit. "three times twenty".

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. (cardinal) sixty

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

tres” in Ordbog over det danske Sprog


GalicianEdit

Galician cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : terceiro
Galician Wikipedia article on tres

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

tres (indeclinable)

  1. (cardinal) three

InterlinguaEdit

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

KristangEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

LatinEdit

Latin cardinal numbers
 <  II III IV  > 
    Cardinal : trēs
    Ordinal : tertius
    Adverbial : ter
    Multiplier : triplex
    Distributive : ternī
Latin Wikipedia article on trēs

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Cognates include Sanskrit त्रि (trí), Ancient Greek τρεῖς (treîs) and Old English þrēo (English three).

PronunciationEdit

 
Cerberus canis trium capitum est (Cerberus is a three-headed dog).

NumeralEdit

trēs m pl, f pl (neuter tria); third declension

  1. (cardinal) three; 3
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 4.450–451
      tria Cerberus extulit ora et tres latratus semel edidit
      Cerberus put forth three mouths and issued three barks at once
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Samuelis II.14.27
      nati sunt autem Absalom filii tres et filia una nomine Thamar eleganti forma
      And unto Absalom there were born three sons, and one daughter, whose name was Tamar: she was a woman of a fair countenance

Usage notesEdit

See Appendix:Latin cardinal numbers

DeclensionEdit

Third declension, no singular.

Number Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative trēs tria
genitive trium
dative tribus
accusative trēs tria
ablative tribus
vocative trēs tria

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • tres in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tres in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “tres”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) a word with you: tribus verbis te volo

Middle FrenchEdit

AdverbEdit

tres

  1. manuscript form of trés

Norwegian BokmålEdit

VerbEdit

tres

  1. passive of tre (Etymologies 3 & 4)

OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Provençal tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

Related termsEdit


Old PortugueseEdit

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three (3)

DescendantsEdit


Old ProvençalEdit

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three (3)

DescendantsEdit


PapiamentuEdit

Papiamentu cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. (cardinal) three (3)

PortugueseEdit

AdjectiveEdit

tres

  1. Obsolete spelling of três

RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader) trais
  • (Sursilvan, Surmiran) treis

EtymologyEdit

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

NumberEdit

tres

  1. (Sutsilvan, cardinal) three

SardinianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three

SpanishEdit

Spanish cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : tercero
    Multiplier : triple

EtymologyEdit

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. (cardinal) three

Related termsEdit


TagalogEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Spanish tres.

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three

SynonymsEdit