EnglishEdit

NounEdit

tres (plural treses)

  1. (music) A three-course stringed instrument similar to a guitar; the Cuban variant has six strings, and the Puerto Rican has nine.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Albanian *trõtja, etymologically identical with Proto-Slavic *tratjǫ (to spend, to waste).[1]

NounEdit

tres (first-person singular past tense treta, participle tretur)

  1. I dissolve, digest, melt down, lose weight
  2. I throw away
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “tres”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 464

AragoneseEdit

Aragonese cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres

EtymologyEdit

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three

AsturianEdit

Asturian cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : terceru

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

NumeralEdit

tres (indeclinable)

  1. three
Usage notesEdit

When there is possibility of confusion with the preposition tres, the numeral tres is accented as trés

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin trāns (beyond, on the other side).

PrepositionEdit

tres

  1. behind, beyond
  2. after

CatalanEdit

Catalan cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : tercer
    Multiplier : triple
Catalan Wikipedia article on tres

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

tres m or f

  1. three

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

tres m (plural tresos)

  1. three
  2. (castells) a castell with three castellers on each level of the tronc

Further readingEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Clipping of tresindstyve.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈtres/, [ˈtˢʁ̥æs]
  • Rhymes: -as

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. sixty
    Synonyms: tresindstyve, seksti

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


ExtremaduranEdit

EtymologyEdit

Akin to Spanish, from Latin.

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three

GalicianEdit

Galician cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : terceiro
Galician Wikipedia article on tres

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

PronunciationEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

tres (indeclinable)

  1. three

InterlinguaEdit

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three

KabuverdianuEdit

Kabuverdianu cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese três.

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three (3)

KristangEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three

LatinEdit

Latin numbers (edit)
30
 ←  2 III
3
4  → 
    Cardinal: trēs
    Ordinal: tertius
    Adverbial: ter
    Multiplier: triplex, triplus
    Distributive: ternī
    Fractional: triēns

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Cognates include Sanskrit त्रि (trí), Ancient Greek τρεῖς (treîs) and Old English þrēo (English three).

PronunciationEdit

 
Cerberus canis trium capitum est (Cerberus is a three-headed dog).

NumeralEdit

trēs (neuter tria); third-declension two-termination numeral, plural only

  1. three; 3
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 4.450–451:
      tria Cerberus extulit ora et tres latratus semel edidit
      Cerberus put forth three mouths and issued three barks at once
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Samuelis II.14.27:
      nati sunt autem Absalom filii tres et filia una nomine Thamar eleganti forma
      And unto Absalom there were born three sons, and one daughter, whose name was Tamar: she was a woman of a fair countenance

Usage notesEdit

See Appendix:Latin cardinal numbers

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension two-termination adjective, plural only.

Number Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative trēs tria
Genitive trium
Dative tribus
Accusative trēs
trīs
tria
Ablative tribus
Vocative trēs tria

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Eastern Romance
    • Aromanian: trei
    • Istro-Romanian: trei
    • Megleno-Romanian: trei
    • Romanian: trei
  • Franco-Provençal: três
  • Ligurian: træ
  • Italo-Dalmatian
  • Old French: trois
  • Old Occitan: tres
  • Rhaeto-Romance
  • Sardinian: tres
  • Venetian: tre
  • West Iberian

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • tres in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tres in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • tres in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) a word with you: tribus verbis te volo

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

tres

  1. plural of tre

Middle FrenchEdit

AdverbEdit

tres

  1. manuscript form of trés

Norwegian BokmålEdit

VerbEdit

tres

  1. passive of tre (Etymologies 3 & 4)

OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan tres, from Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three

Related termsEdit


Old OccitanEdit

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three (3)

DescendantsEdit


Old PortugueseEdit

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three (3)

DescendantsEdit


PapiamentuEdit

Papiamentu cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese três and Spanish tres and Kabuverdianu tres.

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three (3)

PortugueseEdit

AdjectiveEdit

tres

  1. Obsolete spelling of três

RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader) trais
  • (Sursilvan, Surmiran) treis

EtymologyEdit

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

NumberEdit

tres

  1. (Sutsilvan) three

SardinianEdit

Sardinian cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres

EtymologyEdit

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /trɛs/, [ˈtrɛzɛ̆]

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three

SpanishEdit

Spanish numbers (edit)
30
 ←  2 3 4  → 
    Cardinal: tres
    Ordinal: tercero
    Multiplier: triple
    Fractional: tercio

EtymologyEdit

From Latin trēs, from Proto-Italic *trēs, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


TagalogEdit

Tagalog cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : tres
    Ordinal : ika-tres

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Spanish tres.

NumeralEdit

tres

  1. three
    Synonym: tatlo