- Any of the three small bats of the subfamily Desmodontinae native to South America, which use their teeth to nick larger animals while they are asleep, allowing it to surreptitiously lap a blood meal.
- common vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus
- white-winged vampire bat, Diaemus youngi
- hairy-legged vampire bat, Diphylla ecaudata
bat of the subfamily Desmodontinae