English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English sole, soule, from Old French sol, soul (alone), from Latin sōlus (alone, single, solitary, lonely). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *swé (reflexive pronoun). Perhaps related to Old Latin sollus (whole, complete), from Proto-Indo-European *solh₂- (safe, healthy). More at save.

Adjective edit

sole (not comparable)

  1. Only.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:sole
    • 1905, H. G. Wells, The Empire of the Ants:
      He saw now clearly that the sole crew of the vessel was these two dead men, and though he could not see their faces, he saw by their outstretched hands, which were all of ragged flesh, that they had been subjected to some strange exceptional process of decay.
  2. (law) Unmarried (especially of a woman); widowed.
    Synonym: lone
  3. Unique; unsurpassed.
    The sole brilliance of this gem.
  4. With independent power; unfettered.
    A sole authority.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

 
The sole (1) of a boy's foot

From Middle English sole, soole, from Old English sole, solu. Reinforced by Anglo-Norman sole, Old French sole, from Vulgar Latin *sola (bottom of the shoe”, also “flatfish), from Latin solea (sandal, bottom of the shoe), from Proto-Indo-European *swol- (sole). Cognate with Dutch zool (sole, tread), German Sohle (sole, insole, bottom, floor), Danish sål (sole), Icelandic sóli (sole, outsole), Gothic 𐍃𐌿𐌻𐌾𐌰 (sulja, sandal). Related to Latin solum (bottom, ground, soil). More at soil.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

sole (plural soles)

  1. (anatomy) The bottom or plantar surface of the foot.
    Synonym: (medical term) planta
  2. (footwear) The bottom of a shoe or boot.
    • 1727, John Arbuthnot, Tables of Ancient Coins, Weights and Measures. Explain'd and exemplify'd in several dissertations, page 147:
      The Caliga was a military Shoe, with a very thick Sole, tied above the instep with leather Thongs.
  3. (obsolete) The foot itself.
  4. (zoology) Solea solea, a flatfish of the family Soleidae.
    • 1952, Nikos Kazantzakis, chapter 1, in Carl Wildman, transl., Zorba the Greek, New York, N.Y.: Simon & Schuster, translation of Βίος και πολιτεία του Αλέξη Ζορμπά [Víos kai politeía tou Aléxi Zormpá], →ISBN, page 3:
      The fishermen crowding in the cafés were also waiting for the end of the storm, when the fish, reassured, would rise to the surface after the bait. Soles, hog fish and skate were returning from their nocturnal expeditions. Day was now breaking.
  5. The bottom or lower part of anything, or that on which anything rests in standing.
    1. The bottom of the body of a plough; the slade.
    2. The bottom of a furrow.
    3. The end section of the chanter of a set of bagpipes.
    4. The horny substance under a horse's foot, which protects the more tender parts.
      Coordinate term: frog
    5. (military) The bottom of an embrasure.
    6. (nautical) A piece of timber attached to the lower part of the rudder, to make it even with the false keel.
      • 1842, The Nautical Magazine:
        The rudder remains to be repaired, and is unshipped for the purpose; the sole of it is entirely gone
    7. (nautical) The floor inside the cabin of a yacht or boat
  6. (mining) The seat or bottom of a mine; applied to horizontal veins or lodes.
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Hebrew: ⁧סוֹל(sol)
Translations edit

Verb edit

sole (third-person singular simple present soles, present participle soling, simple past and past participle soled)

  1. (transitive) to put a sole on (a shoe or boot)
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Middle English sole, soole, from Old English sāl (a rope, cord, line, bond, rein, door-hinge, necklace, collar), from Proto-Germanic *sailą, *sailaz (rope, cable), *sailō (noose, rein, bondage), from Proto-Indo-European *sey- (to tie to, tie together). Cognate with Scots sale, saile (halter, collar), Dutch zeel (rope, cord, strap), German Seil (rope, cable, wire), Icelandic seil (a string, line). Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian dell (sinew, vein).

Noun edit

sole (plural soles)

  1. (dialectal or obsolete) A wooden band or yoke put around the neck of an ox or cow in the stall.

Etymology 4 edit

From Middle English sol, from Old English sol (mire, miry place), from Proto-Germanic *sulą (mire, wallow, mud), from Proto-Indo-European *sūl- (thick liquid). Cognate with Saterland Frisian soal (ditch), Dutch sol (water and mud filled pit), German Suhle (mire, wallow), Norwegian saula, søyla (mud puddle). More at soil.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

sole (plural soles)

  1. (dialectal, Northern England) A pond or pool; a dirty pond of standing water.

Etymology 5 edit

From earlier sowle (to pull by the ear). Origin unknown. Perhaps from sow (female pig) +‎ -le, as in the phrase "take a sow by the wrong ear", or from Middle English sole (rope). See above.

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

sole (third-person singular simple present soles, present participle soling, simple past and past participle soled)

  1. (transitive, UK dialectal) To pull by the ears; to pull about; haul; lug.

Anagrams edit

Afrikaans edit

Noun edit

sole

  1. plural of sool

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

sole

  1. masculine singular present transgressive of solit

Danish edit

Noun edit

sole c

  1. indefinite plural of sol

Esperanto edit

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

sole

  1. solely

Related terms edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Vulgar Latin *sola, from Latin solea.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sole f (plural soles)

  1. (zoology) sole (fish)
  2. sole, the bottom of a hoof
  3. (carpentry) sole, a piece of timber, a joist
  4. (agriculture) a piece of land devoted to crop rotation

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Galician edit

Verb edit

sole

  1. inflection of solar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Hawaiian Creole edit

Etymology edit

From Samoan sole (man, dude, friend).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sole

  1. (informal) a person of (usually local) Samoan descent
    What's up sole.

Italian edit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it
 
Rappresentazione del sole – Depiction of the sun

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈso.le/
  • Rhymes: -ole
  • Hyphenation: só‧le

Etymology 1 edit

From Sole, from Latin sōlem, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sóh₂wl̥. Cognates include Greek ήλιος (ílios), Icelandic sól, Hindi सूर्य (sūrya), and Russian со́лнце (sólnce).

Noun edit

sole m (plural soli, diminutive (colloquial) solicèllo or (uncommon) solicìno)

  1. (colloquial, astronomy) star (for extension of Sole)
    Synonym: stella
  2. (heraldry) sun (a star in heraldry)
  3. (alchemy) gold
    Synonym: oro
  4. sunlight
    • 1807, Ugo Foscolo, Dei Sepolcri[1], Molini, Landi e comp., published 1809, page 20:
      E tu onore di pianti, Ettore, avrai ¶ [] finché il Sole ¶ Risplenderà sulle sciagure umane.
      And you, Hector, will be honored with cryings ¶ [] as long as the Sun ¶ will shine on the misfortunes of mankind.
  5. (poetic) daytime, day (the interval between sunrise and sunset)
    • 1504, Jacopo Sannazaro, Arcadia:
      quattro soli e altretante lune il mio corpo né da cibo né da sonno fu riconfortato
      for four days and as many nights, my body hadn't been comforted by either food or sleep
    • 1516, Ludovico Ariosto, Orlando Furioso [Raging Roland]‎[2], Venice: Printed by Gabriel Giolito, published 1551, Canto XXXV, page 164:
      Poi diſſe andiamo; e nel ſeguente ſole ¶ Giunſero al fiume
      He then said "Let us go"; and in the following day ¶ they reached the river
    • 1581, Torquato Tasso, Gerusalemme liberata [Jerusalem Delivered]‎[3], Erasmo Viotti, Canto XIX, page 441:
      Goffredo alloggia ne la Terra: e vuole ¶ Rinouar poi l'aſſalto al nouo Sole
      Within the land Godfrey would lodge that night, ¶ and with the day renew the assault and fight.
    • 1825, Vincenzo Monti, transl., Iliade [Iliad]‎[4], Milan: Giovanni Resnati e Gius. Bernardoni di Gio, translation of Ἰλιάς (Iliás) by Homer, published 1840, Book XIX, page 424:
      Intero un sole al lagrimar si doni; ¶ Poi con coraggio, chi morì s'intombi
      Let an entire day be dedicated to the mourning; ¶ then with bravery, let us bury those who died
  6. (poetic) year
    • 1321, Dante Alighieri, La divina commedia: Inferno [The Divine Comedy: Hell], 12th edition (paperback), Le Monnier, published 1994, Canto VI, page 94, lines 67–69:
      Poi appresso convien che questa caggia ¶ infra tre soli, e che l'altra sormonti ¶ con la forza di tal che testé piaggia.
      Then afterwards behoves it this one fall ¶ within three suns, and rise again the other ¶ by force of him who now is on the coast.
  7. (poetic, in the plural) eyes
    • 1516, Ludovico Ariosto, Orlando Furioso [Raging Roland]‎[5], Venice: Printed by Gabriel Giolito, published 1551, Canto VII, page 26:
      Sotto duo negri e ſottilisſimi archi ¶ Son duo negri occhi, anzi duo chiari Soli
      Below two thin, black eyebrows ¶ are two black eyes; nay, two bright suns
Related terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  •   sole on the Italian Wikipedia.Wikipedia it
  • sole in Dizionario Italiano Olivetti, Olivetti Media Communication
  • sole in Collins Italian-English Dictionary

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective edit

sole

  1. feminine plural of solo

Noun edit

sole f

  1. plural of sola

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology 1 edit

See sōl.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sōle

  1. ablative singular of sōl

Etymology 2 edit

See sōlus.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

sōle

  1. vocative masculine singular of sōlus

Neapolitan edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin sōlem.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sole m

  1. Sun
    Steva chiuvenno, po' è asciuto 'o sole.It was raining, then the sun came out.

References edit

  • AIS: Sprach- und Sachatlas Italiens und der Südschweiz [Linguistic and Ethnographic Atlas of Italy and Southern Switzerland] – map 360: “si leva il sole” – on navigais-web.pd.istc.cnr.it

Norman edit

Etymology edit

From Vulgar Latin *sola, from Latin solea.

Noun edit

sole f (plural soles)

  1. sole (fish)

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

Probably from the noun sol

Verb edit

sole (imperative sol, present tense soler, passive -, simple past sola or solet or solte, past participle sola or solet or solt, present participle solende)

  1. (reflexive, sole seg) to sunbathe, sun oneself, bask (also figurative)

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse sóli m, from Latin solum (bottom, ground).

Noun edit

sole m (definite singular solen, indefinite plural solar, definite plural solane)

  1. (anatomy) a sole (bottom or plantar surface of the foot)
  2. (footwear) a sole (bottom of a shoe or boot)
Derived terms edit

Verb edit

sole (present tense solar, past tense sola, past participle sola, passive infinitive solast, present participle solande, imperative sole/sol)

  1. to apply a sole to footwear
Alternative forms edit
Derived terms edit

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From the noun sol f (sun).

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

sole (present tense solar, past tense sola, past participle sola, passive infinitive solast, present participle solande, imperative sole/sol)

  1. (reflexive) to sunbathe
  2. (reflexive, figurative) to bask
  3. (transitive) to expose to the sun
Derived terms edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Old English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin solea, from solum (bottom, base), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *swol-.

Noun edit

sole f

  1. sole
  2. shoe, sandal

Declension edit

Descendants edit

References edit

Old French edit

Adjective edit

sole f

  1. oblique/nominative feminine singular of sol

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

sole

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of sól

Noun edit

sole

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of sola

Noun edit

sole

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of sol

Portuguese edit

Verb edit

sole

  1. inflection of solar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Serbo-Croatian edit

Verb edit

sole (Cyrillic spelling соле)

  1. third-person plural present of soliti