Translingual edit

Symbol edit

bat

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-5 language code for Baltic languages.

English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
This bat is hanging from a branch.

Pronunciation edit

  • enPR: băt, IPA(key): /bæt/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æt

Etymology 1 edit

Dialectal variant (akin to dialectal Swedish natt-batta) of Middle English bakke, balke, of North Germanic origin, from Old Norse (leðr)blaka (literally (leather) flapper), from leðr + blaka (to flap).

Compare Old Swedish natbakka, Old Danish nathbakkæ (literally night-flapper).

Noun edit

bat (plural bats)

  1. Any of the flying mammals of the order Chiroptera, usually small and nocturnal, insectivorous or frugivorous.
    • 1920, Mary Roberts Rinehart, Avery Hopwood, chapter I, in The Bat: A Novel from the Play (Dell Book; 241), New York, N.Y.: Dell Publishing Company, →OCLC, page 01:
      The Bat—they called him the Bat. Like a bat he chose the night hours for his work of rapine; like a bat he struck and vanished, pouncingly, noiselessly; like a bat he never showed himself to the face of the day.
    • 2012, Suemedha Sood, (bbc.co.uk) Travelwise: Texas love bats [sic]
      As well as being worth millions of dollars to the Texan agriculture industry, these mammals are worth millions of dollars to the state’s tourism industry. Texas is home to the world’s largest known bat colony (in Comal County), and the world’s largest urban bat colony (in Austin). Bat watching is a common activity, with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department offering more bat-viewing sites than anywhere else in the US.
  2. (derogatory) An old woman.
    • 2000, Bill Oddie, Gripping Yarns, page 196:
      "Isn't it lovely?" I smiled and thought: "Yes it is. It's also a Blackbird, you silly old bat!
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
terms derived from bat (flying animal)
Translations edit

See also edit

 
A baseball player swinging a baseball bat to hit a baseball

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English bat, batte, from Old English batt (bat, club, cudgel), probably of Celtic origin, compare Old Breton bath (club, cudgel) and modern Breton bazh (swagger stick), ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *bʰedʰh₂- (to strike, beat, pierce), similar to the Gaulish source of Latin battuo (I beat, pound).[1]

Noun edit

bat (plural bats)

  1. A club made of wood or aluminium used for striking the ball in sports such as baseball, softball and cricket.
  2. A turn at hitting the ball with a bat in a game.
    You've been in for ages. Can I have a bat now?
  3. A player rated according to skill in batting.
    He's a good fielder and a valuable bat.
  4. (two-up) The piece of wood on which the spinner places the coins and then uses for throwing them.[2]
  5. (mining) Shale or bituminous shale.
    • 1799, Richard Kirwan, Geological Essays:
      bituminous shale ; which miners , if I mistake not , call bat
  6. A sheet of cotton used for filling quilts or comfortables; batting.
  7. A part of a brick with one whole end.
  8. A stroke; a sharp blow.
  9. (UK, Scotland, dialect) A stroke of work.
  10. (informal) Rate of motion; speed.
    • 1842, Sporting Magazine, page 251:
      On starting, The Nun led at a very slow pace for a quarter of a mile, when the Shrigley colt made running at a good bat.
    • 1898, unknown author, Pall Mall Magazine:
      a vast host of fowl [] making at full bat for the North Sea.
  11. (US, slang, dated) A spree; a jollification.
  12. (UK, Scotland, dialect) Manner; rate; condition; state of health.
  13. (Kent, Sussex) A rough walking stick.[3][4]
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

References edit

  1. ^ Beekes, R. S. P. (1997). Sound Law and Analogy: Papers in Honor of Robert S.P. Beekes on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Netherlands: Rodopi, p. 312
  2. ^ Sidney J. Baker, The Australian Language, second edition, 1966, chapter XI section 3, page 242
  3. ^ A Dictionary of the Sussex Dialect. W.D. Parrish
  4. ^ A Dictionary of the Kentish Dialect and Provincialisms. W. D. Parish and W.F. Shaw

Etymology 3 edit

From Middle English baten (to beat), from Old French batre (to beat), from Late Latin battere, from Latin battuere; in modern English reinterpreted as a verbal derivative of Etymology 2. Compare batter, battery.

Verb edit

bat (third-person singular simple present bats, present participle batting, simple past and past participle batted)

  1. (transitive) To hit with a bat or (figuratively) as if with a bat.
    He batted the ball away with a satisfying thwack.
    We batted a few ideas around.
  2. (intransitive) To take a turn at hitting a ball with a bat in sports like cricket, baseball and softball, as opposed to fielding.
  3. (intransitive) To strike or swipe as though with a bat.
    The cat batted at the toy.
  4. (UK, dialect, obsolete) To bate or flutter, as a hawk.
Derived terms edit
terms derived from bat (verb)
Translations edit

Etymology 4 edit

Possibly a variant of bate.

Verb edit

bat (third-person singular simple present bats, present participle batting, simple past and past participle batted)

  1. (transitive) To flutter
    bat one's eyelashes
  2. (US, UK, dialect) To wink.
  3. (intransitive, usually with 'around' or 'about') To flit quickly from place to place.
    I've spent all week batting around the country.
Usage notes edit

Most commonly used in the phrase bat an eye, and variants thereof.

Derived terms edit

Etymology 5 edit

Borrowed from French bât, from Old French bast, from Vulgar Latin *bastum, form of *bastāre (to carry), from Ancient Greek βαστάζω (bastázō, to lift, carry). Doublet of baton and baston.

Noun edit

bat (plural bats)

  1. (obsolete) A packsaddle.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 6 edit

Noun edit

bat

  1. Dated form of baht (Thai currency).

Etymology 7 edit

Noun edit

bat (plural bats)

  1. (Caribbean, MLE) Clipping of batty (buttocks or anus).

Etymology 8 edit

Noun edit

bat (plural bats)

  1. (UK, dialect, obsolete) A child's shoe without a welt.
    • 1909, Boot and Shoe Recorder, volume 55, page 25:
      The retailer who sells a little girl a pretty pair of shoes today instead of a pair of bats, is bound to sell that girl, when she grows up, a pair of stylish $3 or $4 shoes instead of her buying a pair of $1.98 bargain bats elsewhere.
  2. (UK, slang, obsolete) A boot that is badly made or in poor condition.
References edit
  • (child's shoe; boot): J. Wright, The English Dialect Dictionary
  • (boot): 1873, John Camden Hotten, The Slang Dictionary

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Aromanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin battō, from earlier battuō. Compare Daco-Romanian bat, bate.

Verb edit

bat first-singular present indicative (third-person singular present indicative bati or bate, past participle bãtutã)

  1. to beat, hit, strike
  2. to defeat

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

Basque edit

Etymology edit

From a reduced form of Proto-Basque *bade (one, some), present also in bederatzi (nine) and bedera (same; everyone).[1][2][3] Compared by Eduardo Orduña and Joan Ferrer to Iberian ban (one).[4][5]

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

bat

  1. a, an, some
    musu bat
    a kiss
  2. (after a numeral) some, about, around
    Bidaiak hamar bat ordu iraungo du.
    The trip will take around ten hours.
  3. the same

Usage notes edit

  • The determiner doesn't take the definite singular form.

Declension edit

Numeral edit

Basque numbers (edit)
10
[a], [b] ←  0 1 2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: bat
    Ordinal: lehen
    Multiplier: bakoitz
    Distributive: bana

bat

  1. one
    Sagar bat eta lau laranja.
    One apple and four oranges.

Usage notes edit

  • The declension table shown in this section only applies when bat is used as a noun (usually when referring to the number itself). For other uses see the other declension tables.

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Pronoun edit

bat (indefinite)

  1. some, something, someone

Usage notes edit

  • When used as a pronoun, the definite form bata is more common in Southern dialects.

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ bat” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk
  2. ^ Mitxelena, Koldo L. (1961) Fonética histórica vasca [Basque Historical Phonetics] (Obras completas de Luis Michelena; 1) (in Spanish), Diputación Foral de Guipuzkoa, published 1990, →ISBN, page 134
  3. ^ bat” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], euskaltzaindia.eus
  4. ^ Orduña A., Eduardo (2011) “Los numerales ibéricos y el protovasco [Iberian numerals and Proto-Basque]”, in Veleia[1] (in Spanish), volume 28, pages 125–139
  5. ^ Joan Ferrer i Jané, El sistema de numerales ibérico: avances en su conocimiento

Further reading edit

  • bat zenbatzailea” in Euskara Batuaren Eskuliburua [Handbook of Standard Basque], euskaltzaindia.eus
  • bat zenbatzailea / -a artikulua (batzuk/-ak)” in Euskara Batuaren Eskuliburua [Handbook of Standard Basque], euskaltzaindia.eus
  • "bat" in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], euskaltzaindia.eus

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Deverbal from batre.

Noun edit

bat m (plural bats)

  1. a place exposed to the elements
    Synonyms: batent, baterell

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

bat

  1. inflection of batre:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Etymology 3 edit

Borrowed from English bat.

Noun edit

bat m (plural bats)

  1. (baseball) bat
Related terms edit

Further reading edit

“bat” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.

Cebuano edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bat

  1. Alternative form of balat.

Danish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From English bat.

Noun edit

bat n (singular definite battet, plural indefinite bat or bats)

  1. bat (a club for striking a ball)
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

bat

  1. imperative of batte

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

bat

  1. third-person singular present indicative of battre

See also edit

Anagrams edit

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

bat

  1. first/third-person singular preterite of bitten

Haitian Creole edit

Etymology edit

From French battre (beat).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

bat

  1. to spank, to beat

Hokkien edit

For pronunciation and definitions of bat – see (“to know; to recognise; to be familiar with”).
(This term is the pe̍h-ōe-jī form of ).

Jamaican Creole edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbat/
  • Hyphenation: bat

Etymology 1 edit

 
bat

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun edit

bat (plural bat dem, quantified bat)

  1. moth (nocturnal insect)
    Duppy bat still a fly like hawk.
    Black witch moths are still flying around like hawks.
    • 2003, Amber Wilson, Jamaica: The Land (in English), page 30:
      “Hundreds of species of butterflies and moths live in Jamaica. Jamaicans call large moths "bats." The black witch moth is known as "the duppy bat." A duppy is a spirit in Jamaican culture that sometimes causes mischief. Duppy bats have brown [...]”
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

 
bat

From English bat.

Noun edit

bat (plural bat dem, quantified bat)

  1. bat (instrument for hitting or striking)
    When yu get one lick from me wid di bat... yu wi know.
    If I hit you once with this bat, you'll understand.
Derived terms edit
  1. old bat

References edit

Jingpho edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Burmese ပတ် (pat).

Noun edit

bat

  1. week

References edit

  • Kurabe, Keita (2016 December 31) “Phonology of Burmese loanwords in Jinghpaw”, in Kyoto University Linguistic Research[2], volume 35, →DOI, →ISSN, pages 91–128

Luo edit

Noun edit

bat (plural bede)

  1. arm

Middle Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Dutch *bath, from Proto-Germanic *baþą.

Noun edit

bat n

  1. bath
Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants edit
  • Dutch: bad
  • Limburgish: baad

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Dutch *bat, *bet, from Proto-Germanic *batiz.

Adverb edit

bat

  1. better; comparative degree of wel
    Synonym: beter
Alternative forms edit
Descendants edit

Etymology 3 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

bat

  1. first/third-person singular past indicative of bidden

Further reading edit

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old English batt, from Celtic; influenced by Old French batte.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bat (plural battes or botten)

  1. A mace, bat, or morningstar (blunt weapon)
  2. (rare) A pole or stick used for other
  3. (rare, Late Middle English) A strike or hit from a weapon.
  4. (rare, Late Middle English) A clump of soft material.
Descendants edit
References edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

bat

  1. (Northern) Alternative form of bot (boat)

Old English edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *bait.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bāt m

  1. boat

Declension edit

Occasionally appears as feminine:

Descendants edit

Old French edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Old English bāt and Middle English bot.

Noun edit

bat oblique singularm (oblique plural batz, nominative singular batz, nominative plural bat)

  1. boat

References edit

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (bat)

Old Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

bat

  1. inflection of is:
    1. third-person plural imperative
    2. third-person plural present subjunctive

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bat bat
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbat
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
 
bat

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *batъ.

Noun edit

bat m inan (diminutive bacik)

  1. whip (rod for beating)
    Synonym: bicz
  2. (slang) joint (marijuana cigarette)
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
adverb/preposition
noun
Related terms edit
nouns
verbs

Etymology 2 edit

Either borrowed from Swedish bat[1] or Italian batto.[2]

Noun edit

bat m inan

  1. bateau (type of boat)
Declension edit

Etymology 3 edit

Borrowed from Thai บาท (bàat), from Sanskrit पाद (pāda).

Noun edit

bat m animal

  1. baht (currency of Thailand)
Declension edit

References edit

  1. ^ Mirosław Bańko, Lidia Wiśniakowska (2021) “bat”, in Wielki słownik wyrazów obcych, →ISBN
  2. ^ Witold Doroszewski, editor (1958–1969), “bat”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), Warszawa: PWN

Further reading edit

  • bat in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bat in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian edit

Verb edit

bat

  1. inflection of bate:
    1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. third-person plural present indicative

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Slavic *batъ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bȁt m (Cyrillic spelling ба̏т)

  1. mallet
  2. helve hammer
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish باصدی (bastı) (Turkish bastı), from باصمق (basmak) (Turkish basmak).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bȃt m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑т)

  1. The tramp of heavy footsteps, as in a military march
    • 1939, Čedomir Minderović, Crven je istok i zapad:
      Napred, sve bliže i bliže, / Čuje se koraka bat. / Glas milijona se diže: / Dole fašizam i rat!
      Forward, ever closer and closer, / the tramp of footsteps is heard. / The voice of millions is raised: / Down with fascism and war!
  2. (rare) The tramp of horses’ hooves
Declension edit

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bȃt m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑т)

  1. Alternative form of bȁht
Declension edit

References edit

  • bat” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bat” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bat” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English bat.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbat/ [ˈbat̪]
  • Rhymes: -at
  • Syllabification: bat

Noun edit

bat m (plural bats)

  1. (baseball) bat (act of batting)
  2. Misspelling of baht.

Turkish edit

Verb edit

bat

  1. second-person singular imperative of batmak

Tzotzil edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (Zinacantán) IPA(key): /ɓätʰ/

Verb edit

bat

  1. (intransitive) to go

References edit

Yola edit

Noun edit

bat

  1. Alternative form of bath
    • 1867, “ABOUT AN OLD SOW GOING TO BE KILLED”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 1, page 106:
      Mot earch oan to aar die. Ich mosth kotch a bat.
      But every one to his day. I must catch the bat.

References edit

  • Jacob Poole (d. 1827) (before 1828) William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, published 1867, page 106

Yucatec Maya edit

Noun edit

bat (plural batoʼob)

  1. hail, hailstone

Zhuang edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Chinese (puɑt̚).

Noun edit

bat (Sawndip forms or 𥐙 or or or , 1957–1982 spelling bat)

  1. basin; bowl
    Synonym: (dialectal) angq
Derived terms edit

Classifier edit

bat (1957–1982 spelling bat)

  1. basin of; bowl of

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle Chinese (pˠɛt̚, eight). Doublet of bet.

Numeral edit

bat (1957–1982 spelling bat)

  1. eight (used in compounds)
    Synonym: bet