TranslingualEdit

SymbolEdit

bat

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-5 language code for Baltic languages.

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
A bat

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: băt, IPA(key): /bæt/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æt

Etymology 1Edit

Dialectal variant (akin to dialectal Swedish natt-batta) of Middle English bakke, balke, of North Germanic origin, from Old Norse (leðr)blaka (literally (leather) flapper), from leðr + blaka (to flap).

Compare Old Swedish natbakka, Old Danish nathbakkæ (literally night-flapper).

NounEdit

bat (plural bats)

  1. Any of the flying mammals of the order Chiroptera, usually small and nocturnal, insectivorous or frugivorous.
    • 1920, Mary Roberts Rinehart; Avery Hopwood, chapter I, in The Bat: A Novel from the Play (Dell Book; 241), New York, N.Y.: Dell Publishing Company, OCLC 20230794, page 01:
      The Bat—they called him the Bat. Like a bat he chose the night hours for his work of rapine; like a bat he struck and vanished, pouncingly, noiselessly; like a bat he never showed himself to the face of the day.
    • 2012, Suemedha Sood, (bbc.co.uk) Travelwise: Texas love bats [sic]
      As well as being worth millions of dollars to the Texan agriculture industry, these mammals are worth millions of dollars to the state’s tourism industry. Texas is home to the world’s largest known bat colony (in Comal County), and the world’s largest urban bat colony (in Austin). Bat watching is a common activity, with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department offering more bat-viewing sites than anywhere else in the US.
  2. (derogatory) An old woman.
    • 2000, Bill Oddie, Gripping Yarns, page 196:
      "Isn't it lovely?" I smiled and thought: "Yes it is. It's also a Blackbird, you silly old bat!
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

 
A baseball player swinging a baseball bat to hit a baseball

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English bat, batte, from Old English batt (bat, club, cudgel), probably of Celtic origin, compare Old Breton bath (club, cudgel) and modern Breton bazh (swagger stick), ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *bʰedʰh₂- (to strike, beat, pierce), similar to the Gaulish source of Latin battuo (I beat, pound).[1]

NounEdit

bat (plural bats)

  1. A club made of wood or aluminium used for striking the ball in sports such as baseball, softball and cricket.
  2. A turn at hitting the ball with a bat in a game.
    You've been in for ages. Can I have a bat now?
  3. (two-up) The piece of wood on which the spinner places the coins and then uses for throwing them.[2]
  4. (mining) Shale or bituminous shale.
    • 1799, Richard Kirwan, Geological Essays
      bituminous shale ; which miners , if I mistake not , call bat
  5. A sheet of cotton used for filling quilts or comfortables; batting.
  6. A part of a brick with one whole end.
  7. A stroke; a sharp blow.
  8. (UK, Scotland, dialect) A stroke of work.
  9. (informal) Rate of motion; speed.
    • 1842, Sporting Magazine (page 251)
      On starting, The Nun led at a very slow pace for a quarter of a mile, when the Shrigley colt made running at a good bat.
    • 1898, unknown author, Pall Mall Magazine
      a vast host of fowl [] making at full bat for the North Sea.
  10. (US, slang, dated) A spree; a jollification.
  11. (UK, Scotland, dialect) Manner; rate; condition; state of health.
  12. (Kent, Sussex) A rough walking stick.[3][4]
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Beekes, R. S. P. (1997). Sound Law and Analogy: Papers in Honor of Robert S.P. Beekes on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Netherlands: Rodopi, p. 312
  2. ^ Sidney J. Baker, The Australian Language, second edition, 1966, chapter XI section 3, page 242
  3. ^ A Dictionary of the Sussex Dialect. W.D. Parrish
  4. ^ A Dictionary of the Kentish Dialect and Provincialisms. W. D. Parish and W.F. Shaw

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English baten (to beat), from Old French batre (to beat), from Late Latin battere, from Latin battuere; in modern English reinterpreted as a verbal derivative of Etymology 2. Compare batter, battery.

VerbEdit

bat (third-person singular simple present bats, present participle batting, simple past and past participle batted)

  1. (transitive) To hit with a bat or (figuratively) as if with a bat.
    He batted the ball away with a satisfying thwack.
    We batted a few ideas around.
  2. (intransitive) To take a turn at hitting a ball with a bat in sports like cricket, baseball and softball, as opposed to fielding.
  3. (intransitive) To strike or swipe as though with a bat.
    The cat batted at the toy.
  4. (UK, dialect, obsolete) To bate or flutter, as a hawk.
Derived termsEdit
terms derived from bat (verb)
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Possibly a variant of bate.

VerbEdit

bat (third-person singular simple present bats, present participle batting, simple past and past participle batted)

  1. (transitive) To flutter
    bat one's eyelashes
  2. (US, UK, dialect) To wink.
  3. (intransitive, usually with 'around' or 'about') To flit quickly from place to place.
    I've spent all week batting around the country.
Usage notesEdit

Most commonly used in the phrase bat an eye, and variants thereof.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Borrowed from French bât, from Old French bast, from Vulgar Latin *bastum, form of *bastāre (to carry), from Ancient Greek βαστάζω (bastázō, to lift, carry). Doublet of baton and baston.

NounEdit

bat (plural bats)

  1. (obsolete) A packsaddle.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

NounEdit

bat

  1. Dated form of baht (Thai currency).

Etymology 7Edit

NounEdit

bat (plural bats)

  1. (Caribbean, MLE) Clipping of batty (buttocks or anus).

Etymology 8Edit

NounEdit

bat (plural bats)

  1. (UK, dialect, obsolete) A child's shoe without a welt.
    • 1909, Boot and Shoe Recorder (volume 55, page 25)
      The retailer who sells a little girl a pretty pair of shoes today instead of a pair of bats, is bound to sell that girl, when she grows up, a pair of stylish $3 or $4 shoes instead of her buying a pair of $1.98 bargain bats elsewhere.
  2. (UK, slang, obsolete) A boot that is badly made or in poor condition.
ReferencesEdit
  • (child's shoe; boot): J. Wright, The English Dialect Dictionary
  • (boot): 1873, John Camden Hotten, The Slang Dictionary

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


AromanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Late Latin battō, from Latin battuō. Compare Daco-Romanian bate, bat.

VerbEdit

bat (third-person singular present indicative bati/bate, past participle bãtutã)

  1. I beat, hit, strike.
  2. I defeat.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


BasqueEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a reduced form of Proto-Basque *bade (one, some), present also in bederatzi (nine) and bedera (same; everyone).[1][2][3] Compared by Eduardo Orduña and Joan Ferrer to Iberian ban (one).[4][5]

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

bat

  1. a, an, some
    musu bat
    a kiss
  2. (after a numeral) some, about, around
    Bidaiak hamar bat ordu iraungo du.
    The trip will take around ten hours.

Usage notesEdit

  • The determiner doesn't take the definite singular form.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of Basque indefinite and related pronouns/determiners
bat bakoitz
indefinite singular plural indefinite singular
absolutive bat bata batzuk bakoitz bakoitza
ergative batek batak batzuek bakoitzek bakoitzak
dative bati batari batzuei bakoitzi bakoitzari
genitive baten bataren batzuen bakoitzen bakoitzaren
comitative batekin batarekin batzuekin bakoitzekin bakoitzarekin
causative batengatik, bategatik batarengatik batzuengatik bakoitzengatik bakoitzarengatik
benefactive batentzat batarentzat batzuentzat bakoitzentzat bakoitzarentzat
instrumental batez bataz batzuez bakoitzez bakoitzaz
inessive animate batengan batarengan batzuengan bakoitzengan bakoitzarengan
inanimate batean, baten batean batzuetan bakoitzean bakoitzean
locative bateko bateko batzuetako bakoitzeko bakoitzeko
allative animate batengana batarengana batzuengana bakoitzengana bakoitzarengana
inanimate batera batera batzuetara bakoitzera bakoitzera
terminative animate batenganaino batarenganaino batzuenganaino bakoitzenganaino bakoitzarenganaino
inanimate bateraino bateraino batzuetaraino bakoitzeraino bakoitzeraino
directive animate batenganantz batarenganantz batzuenganantz bakoitzenganantz bakoitzarenganantz
inanimate baterantz baterantz batzuetarantz bakoitzerantz bakoitzerantz
destinative animate batenganako batarenganako batzuenganako bakoitzenganako bakoitzarenganako
inanimate baterako baterako batzuetarako bakoitzerako bakoitzerako
ablative animate batengandik batarengandik batzuengandik bakoitzengandik bakoitzarengandik
inanimate batetik batetik batzuetatik bakoitzetik bakoitzetik

NumeralEdit

Basque numbers (edit)
10
[a], [b] ←  0 1 2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: bat
    Ordinal: lehen

bat

  1. one
    Sagar bat eta lau laranja.
    One apple and four oranges.

Usage notesEdit

  • The declension table shown in this section only applies when bat is used as a noun (usually when referring to the number itself). For other uses see the other declension tables.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of bat (inanimate, ending in consonant)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive bat bata batak
ergative batek batak batek
dative bati batari batei
genitive baten bataren baten
comitative batekin batarekin batekin
causative batengatik batarengatik batengatik
benefactive batentzat batarentzat batentzat
instrumental batez bataz batez
inessive batetan batean batetan
locative batetako bateko batetako
allative batetara batera batetara
terminative batetaraino bateraino batetaraino
directive batetarantz baterantz batetarantz
destinative batetarako baterako batetarako
ablative batetatik batetik batetatik
partitive batik
prolative bat-tzat

Derived termsEdit

PronounEdit

bat

  1. (indefinite) some, something, someone

Usage notesEdit

  • When used as a pronoun, the definite form bata is more common in Southern dialects.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of Basque indefinite and related pronouns/determiners
bat bakoitz
indefinite singular plural indefinite singular
absolutive bat bata batzuk bakoitz bakoitza
ergative batek batak batzuek bakoitzek bakoitzak
dative bati batari batzuei bakoitzi bakoitzari
genitive baten bataren batzuen bakoitzen bakoitzaren
comitative batekin batarekin batzuekin bakoitzekin bakoitzarekin
causative batengatik, bategatik batarengatik batzuengatik bakoitzengatik bakoitzarengatik
benefactive batentzat batarentzat batzuentzat bakoitzentzat bakoitzarentzat
instrumental batez bataz batzuez bakoitzez bakoitzaz
inessive animate batengan batarengan batzuengan bakoitzengan bakoitzarengan
inanimate batean, baten batean batzuetan bakoitzean bakoitzean
locative bateko bateko batzuetako bakoitzeko bakoitzeko
allative animate batengana batarengana batzuengana bakoitzengana bakoitzarengana
inanimate batera batera batzuetara bakoitzera bakoitzera
terminative animate batenganaino batarenganaino batzuenganaino bakoitzenganaino bakoitzarenganaino
inanimate bateraino bateraino batzuetaraino bakoitzeraino bakoitzeraino
directive animate batenganantz batarenganantz batzuenganantz bakoitzenganantz bakoitzarenganantz
inanimate baterantz baterantz batzuetarantz bakoitzerantz bakoitzerantz
destinative animate batenganako batarenganako batzuenganako bakoitzenganako bakoitzarenganako
inanimate baterako baterako batzuetarako bakoitzerako bakoitzerako
ablative animate batengandik batarengandik batzuengandik bakoitzengandik bakoitzarengandik
inanimate batetik batetik batzuetatik bakoitzetik bakoitzetik

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ bat” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk
  2. ^ Mitxelena, Koldo L. (1961) Fonética histórica vasca [Basque Historical Phonetics] (Obras completas de Luis Michelena; 1) (in Spanish), Diputación Foral de Guipuzkoa, published 1990, →ISBN, page 134
  3. ^ bat” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], euskaltzaindia.eus
  4. ^ Orduña A., Eduardo (2011), “Los numerales ibéricos y el protovasco [Iberian numerals and Proto-Basque]”, in Veleia[1] (in Spanish), volume 28, pages 125–139
  5. ^ Joan Ferrer i Jané, El sistema de numerales ibérico: avances en su conocimiento

Further readingEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From batre.

NounEdit

bat m (plural bats)

  1. A place exposed to the elements.
    Synonyms: batent, baterell

VerbEdit

bat

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of batre
  2. second-person singular imperative form of batre

Etymology 2Edit

From English bat.

NounEdit

bat m (plural bats)

  1. (baseball) bat
Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

“bat” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.


CebuanoEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bat

  1. Alternative form of balat.

ChineseEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of bat – see .
(This character, bat, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From English bat.

NounEdit

bat n (singular definite battet, plural indefinite bat or bats)

  1. bat (a club for striking a ball)
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

bat

  1. imperative of batte

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bat

  1. third-person singular present indicative of battre

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bat

  1. first/third-person singular preterite of bitten

Jamaican CreoleEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbat/
  • Hyphenation: bat

Etymology 1Edit

 
bat

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

bat (plural: bat dem or bats dem, quantified: bat)

  1. moth (nocturnal insect)
    • 2003, Amber Wilson, Jamaica: The Land (in English), page 30:
      “Hundreds of species of butterflies and moths live in Jamaica. Jamaicans call large moths "bats." The black witch moth is known as "the duppy bat." A duppy is a spirit in Jamaican culture that sometimes causes mischief. Duppy bats have brown [...]”
    Duppy bat still a fly like hawk.
    Black witch moths are still flying around like hawks.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
bat

From English bat.

NounEdit

bat (plural: bat dem or bats dem, quantified: bat)

  1. bat (instrument for hitting or striking)
    When yu get one lick from me wid di bat... yu wi know.
    If I hit you once with this bat, you'll understand.
Derived termsEdit
  1. old bat

ReferencesEdit


JingphoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Burmese ပတ် (pat).

NounEdit

bat

  1. week

ReferencesEdit

  • Kurabe, Keita (2016-12-31), “Phonology of Burmese loanwords in Jinghpaw”, in Kyoto University Linguistic Research[2], volume 35, DOI:10.14989/219015, ISSN 1349-7804, pages 91–128

LuoEdit

NounEdit

bat (plural bede)

  1. arm

Middle DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch *bath, from Proto-Germanic *baþą.

NounEdit

bat n

  1. bath
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit
  • Dutch: bad
  • Limburgish: baad

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Dutch *bat, *bet, from Proto-Germanic *batiz.

AdverbEdit

bat

  1. better; comparative degree of wel
    Synonym: beter
Alternative formsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

bat

  1. first/third-person singular past indicative of bidden

Further readingEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English batt, from Celtic; influenced by Old French batte.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bat (plural battes or botten)

  1. A mace, bat, or morningstar (blunt weapon)
  2. (rare) A pole or stick used for other
  3. (rare, Late Middle English) A strike or hit from a weapon.
  4. (rare, Late Middle English) A clump of soft material.
DescendantsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

bat

  1. (Northern) Alternative form of bot (boat)

Min NanEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of bat – see (“to know; to recognise; to be familiar with”).
(This character, bat, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *bait.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bāt m or f (nominative plural bātas)

  1. boat

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Old English bāt and Middle English bot.

NounEdit

bat m (oblique plural batz, nominative singular batz, nominative plural bat)

  1. boat

ReferencesEdit

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (bat)

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bat

  1. inflection of is:
    1. third-person plural imperative
    2. third-person plural present subjunctive

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bat bat
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbat
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
 
bat

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *batъ.

NounEdit

bat m inan (diminutive bacik)

  1. whip (rod for beating)
    Synonym: bicz
  2. (slang) joint (marijuana cigarette)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
adverb/preposition
noun
Related termsEdit
nouns
verbs

Etymology 2Edit

Either from Swedish bat[1] or from Italian batto.[2]

NounEdit

bat m inan

  1. bateau (type of boat)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from Thai บาท (bàat), from Sanskrit पाद (pāda).

NounEdit

bat m anim

  1. baht (currency of Thailand)
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mirosław Bańko; Lidia Wiśniakowska (2021) Wielki słownik wyrazów obcych, →ISBN
  2. ^ Witold Doroszewski, editor (1958–1969), “bat”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), Warszawa: PWN

Further readingEdit

  • bat in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bat in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanianEdit

VerbEdit

bat

  1. inflection of bate:
    1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. third-person plural present indicative

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *batъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bȁt m (Cyrillic spelling ба̏т)

  1. mallet
  2. helve hammer
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish باصدی(bastı), from باصمق(basmak).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bȃt m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑т)

  1. The tramp of heavy footsteps, as in a military march
    • 1939, Čedomir Minderović, Crven je istok i zapad:
      Napred, sve bliže i bliže, / Čuje se koraka bat. / Glas milijona se diže: / Dole fašizam i rat!
      Forward, ever closer and closer, / the tramp of footsteps is heard. / The voice of millions is raised: / Down with fascism and war!
  2. (rare) The tramp of horses’ hooves
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bȃt m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑т)

  1. Alternative form of bȁht
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • bat” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bat” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bat” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English bat.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bat m (plural bats)

  1. (baseball) bat (act of batting)
  2. Misspelling of baht.

TurkishEdit

VerbEdit

bat

  1. second-person singular imperative of batmak

TzotzilEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Zinacantán) IPA(key): /ɓätʰ/

VerbEdit

bat

  1. (intransitive) to go

ReferencesEdit


WestrobothnianEdit

NounEdit

bat f

  1. excrement
  2. dirt, uncleanliness

NounEdit

bat m (definite batn, plural baat)

  1. Alternative spelling of båt

Yucatec MayaEdit

NounEdit

bat (plural batoʼob)

  1. hail, hailstone

ZhuangEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Chinese (MC puɑt̚).

NounEdit

bat (Sawndip forms or 𥐙 or or or , old orthography bat)

  1. basin; bowl
    Synonym: (dialectal) angq
Derived termsEdit

ClassifierEdit

bat (old orthography bat)

  1. basin of; bowl of

Etymology 2Edit

From Chinese (MC pˠat̚, “eight”). Doublet of bet.

NumeralEdit

bat (old orthography bat)

  1. eight (used in compounds)
    Synonym: bet