Latin edit

Etymology edit

Derived from Proto-Indo-European *wes- (graze), cognate with Gothic wisan (to enjoy oneself, devour).[1]

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

vēscor (present infinitive vēscī); third conjugation, deponent, no perfect or supine stem

  1. (with accusative or ablative) to eat, feed upon
    Synonyms: adedō, edō, vorō, prandeō, pāscor, cēnō, cōnsūmō
  2. (with accusative or ablative) to make use of, enjoy, use
    Synonyms: adhibeō, sūmō, assūmō, ūtor, ūsūrpō
  3. (intransitive) to eat

Usage notes edit

  • The verb vēscor and others like it, fruor, fungor, ūtor, potior, and their compounds, regularly govern the ablative case.
    Lacte et ferīnā carne vescēbantur.
    They fed on milk and game.

Conjugation edit

   Conjugation of vēscor (third conjugation, no supine stem, deponent, no perfect stem)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vēscor vēsceris,
vēscitur vēscimur vēsciminī vēscuntur
imperfect vēscēbar vēscēbāris,
vēscēbātur vēscēbāmur vēscēbāminī vēscēbantur
future vēscar vēscēris,
vēscētur vēscēmur vēscēminī vēscentur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vēscar vēscāris,
vēscātur vēscāmur vēscāminī vēscantur
imperfect vēscerer vēscerēris,
vēscerētur vēscerēmur vēscerēminī vēscerentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present vēscere vēsciminī
future vēscitor vēscitor vēscuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives vēscī
participles vēscēns vēscendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
vēscendī vēscendō vēscendum vēscendō

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Albanian: ushqej

References edit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “vēscor”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

Further reading edit

  • vescor”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vescor”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vescor in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette