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EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Japanese 相撲 (sumō).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sumo (countable and uncountable, plural sumo or sumos)

 
Sumo wrestlers gathering in a circle.
  1. (uncountable) A stylised Japanese form of wrestling in which a wrestler loses if he is forced from the ring, or if any part of his body except the soles of his feet touches the ground.
  2. (countable, colloquial) A rikishi (sumo wrestler)

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

VerbEdit

sumo

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of sumar

EsperantoEdit

NounEdit

sumo (accusative singular sumon, plural sumoj, accusative plural sumojn)

  1. sum

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

< Japanese

NounEdit

sumo

  1. (sports) sumo (wrestling style of Japanese origin)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of sumo (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative sumo sumot
genitive sumon sumojen
partitive sumoa sumoja
illative sumoon sumoihin
singular plural
nominative sumo sumot
accusative nom. sumo sumot
gen. sumon
genitive sumon sumojen
partitive sumoa sumoja
inessive sumossa sumoissa
elative sumosta sumoista
illative sumoon sumoihin
adessive sumolla sumoilla
ablative sumolta sumoilta
allative sumolle sumoille
essive sumona sumoina
translative sumoksi sumoiksi
instructive sumoin
abessive sumotta sumoitta
comitative sumoineen

FrenchEdit

NounEdit

sumo m (plural sumos)

  1. sumo
  2. sumotori

GalicianEdit

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Japanese 相撲 (sumō).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsu.mo/
  • Hyphenation: su‧mo
  • Rhymes: -umo

NounEdit

 
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sumo m (invariable)

  1. sumo (Japanese wrestling)

VerbEdit

sumo

  1. first-person singular present indicative of sumere

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *susmō < *sups(e)mō, from sub- +‎ emō (to buy, take), (with excrescent p in sūmpsī and sūmptum).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

sūmō (present infinitive sūmere, perfect active sūmpsī, supine sūmptum); third conjugation

  1. I take, take up, assume; seize; claim, arrogate.
  2. I undertake, begin, enter upon.
  3. I exact satisfaction, inflict punishment.
  4. I choose, select.
  5. I obtain, acquire, receive, get, take.
  6. I use, apply, employ, spend, consume.
  7. I adopt; borrow.
  8. I buy, purchase.
  9. I fascinate, charm.

InflectionEdit

   Conjugation of sumo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sūmō sūmis sūmit sūmimus sūmitis sūmunt
imperfect sūmēbam sūmēbās sūmēbat sūmēbāmus sūmēbātis sūmēbant
future sūmam sūmēs sūmet sūmēmus sūmētis sūment
perfect sūmpsī sūmpsistī sūmpsit sūmpsimus sūmpsistis sūmpsērunt, sūmpsēre
pluperfect sūmpseram sūmpserās sūmpserat sūmpserāmus sūmpserātis sūmpserant
future perfect sūmpserō sūmpseris sūmpserit sūmpserimus sūmpseritis sūmpserint
passive present sūmor sūmeris, sūmere sūmitur sūmimur sūmiminī sūmuntur
imperfect sūmēbar sūmēbāris, sūmēbāre sūmēbātur sūmēbāmur sūmēbāminī sūmēbantur
future sūmar sūmēris, sūmēre sūmētur sūmēmur sūmēminī sūmentur
perfect sūmptus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect sūmptus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect sūmptus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sūmam sūmās sūmat sūmāmus sūmātis sūmant
imperfect sūmerem sūmerēs sūmeret sūmerēmus sūmerētis sūmerent
perfect sūmpserim sūmpserīs sūmpserit sūmpserīmus sūmpserītis sūmpserint
pluperfect sūmpsissem sūmpsissēs sūmpsisset sūmpsissēmus sūmpsissētis sūmpsissent
passive present sūmar sūmāris, sūmāre sūmātur sūmāmur sūmāminī sūmantur
imperfect sūmerer sūmerēris, sūmerēre sūmerētur sūmerēmur sūmerēminī sūmerentur
perfect sūmptus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect sūmptus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sūme sūmite
future sūmitō sūmitō sūmitōte sūmuntō
passive present sūmere sūmiminī
future sūmitor sūmitor sūmuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sūmere sūmpsisse sūmptūrus esse sūmī sūmptus esse sūmptum īrī
participles sūmēns sūmptūrus sūmptus sūmendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
sūmere sūmendī sūmendō sūmendum sūmptum sūmptū

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • sumo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sumo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sumo” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to require, give, take time for deliberation: tempus (spatium) deliberandi or ad deliberandum postulare, dare, sibi sumere
    • to take something into one's hands: in manus(m) sumere aliquid
    • to take poison: venenum sumere, bibere
    • to commence a thing: initium facere, ducere, sumere (alicuius rei)
    • to choose one from a large number of instances: ex infinita exemplorum copia unum (pauca) sumere, decerpere (eligere)
    • to take a lesson from some one's example: sibi exemplum sumere ex aliquo or exemplum capere de aliquo
    • to derive an argument from a thing: argumentum ducere, sumere ex aliqua re or petere ab aliqua re
    • to assume a thing: sumere (opp. reicere) aliquid
    • to take up a book in one's hands: librum in manus sumere
    • to be haughty: magnos spiritus sibi sumere (B. G. 1. 33)
    • to take upon oneself: sibi sumere aliquid (Planc. 1. 3)
    • to assume the toga virilis: togam virilem (puram) sumere
    • to take food: cibum sumere, capere
    • to borrow money from some one: pecuniam mutuari or sumere mutuam ab aliquo
    • to assume a despotic tone: regios spiritus sibi sumere
    • to exact a penalty from some one: supplicium sumere de aliquo
    • to execute the death-sentence on a person: supplicium sumere de aliquo
    • to take up one's arms: arma capere, sumere
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195083458

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Japanese 相撲 (sumō) to mutually rush at

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sumo n (indeclinable)

  1. sumo

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
sumo

From Latin summus.

AdjectiveEdit

sumo m (feminine singular suma, masculine plural sumos, feminine plural sumas, comparable)

  1. highest, greatest

NounEdit

sumo m (plural sumos)

  1. summit, top
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
sumo

From Old Portuguese çumo, from Arabic زُوم (zūm, juice, sap), from Ancient Greek ζωμός (zōmós). Cognate of Galician zume and Spanish zumo.

NounEdit

sumo m (plural sumos)

  1. (Portugal) juice
SynonymsEdit
  • (juice): suco (Brasil)

Etymology 3Edit

 
sumo

From Japanese 相撲 (sumō, to mutually rush at).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

sumo m (uncountable)

  1. (martial arts, Portugal) sumo

Etymology 4Edit

VerbEdit

sumo

  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of sumir

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈsu.mo̞]
  • Homophone: zumo (Latin America)

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin summus.

AdjectiveEdit

sumo (feminine singular suma, masculine plural sumos, feminine plural sumas)

  1. highest, greatest, superlative
    Caifás era sumo sacerdote. Caiaphas was the high priest.
  2. utmost
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

sumo

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of sumar.

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

sumo

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of sumir.
 
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Etymology 4Edit

From Japanese 相撲 (sumō) to mutually rush at

NounEdit

sumo m (uncountable)

  1. (martial arts) sumo