EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English ne, from Old English ne, from Proto-West Germanic *ne, from Proto-Germanic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne. Cognates include Gothic 𐌽𐌹 (ni), Latin ne, Sanskrit (), Bulgarian, Serbo-Croatian and Russian не (ne), Lithuanian ne, Irish .

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

ne (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) Not.

ConjunctionEdit

ne

  1. (obsolete) Nor.
    • 1484, Original Letters, King Edward the Fifth, under the direction of his Uncle, to Otes Gilbert, Esq., commanding him to receive Knighthood at the expected Coronation:
      That than I shall not geve therunto faith ne credence, nor therfore put them to any maner ponyssement, before that they or any of them so accused may be at their lawful defence and answer.
    • 1489, The gouernayle of helthe:
      And therin is no drede nor bytternes ne expences, but therin is pure recreacyon of body and of soule soo it be donn in clene places.
    • 1489, The gouernayle of helthe:
      Be not to hasty ne sodenly vengeable, to poure folke doo no vyolence.
    • 1489, The gouernayle of helthe:
      Moreouer no man be so hardy to drynk fastyng cold water, ne after that he hath accompanyed wyth a woman, ne after gret trauayle, ne after exersice tyll he haue fyrst rested hym, ne by nyght namely yf he haue do gloue tofore.
    • 1500, The Example of Euyll Tongues:
      A false tonge wyll euer Imagyne and saye / That neuer by creature was sayd ne thought.
    • 1509, Wynkyn de Worde, The fyftene joyes of maryage:
      For chastyce can he not by daye ne nyght his wyfe but by his betynge maketh lyght and hote the loue bytwene her and her frende.
    • 1511, The Records of the City of Norwich:
      Item, that noo woman nor maide weyve any worsted stamynges ne sayes for that that thei be nott of sufficient powre to werke the said worsteddes as thei owte to be wrought, upon payne of iij s iiij d as often as thei be founde wevyng to be devyded and leuyed in maner and forme aboue expressed.
    • 1520, Richard Pynson, The Lyfe of The Blessed Martyr Saynte Thomas:
      That they shulde no lenger kepe ne susteyne Thomas the archebysshope.
    • 1526, The Grete Herball:
      The rote ought to be gadered in the begynnynge of somer and dryed in the sonne bycause [tha]¬t it corrupt ne rotte bycause of the moystnesse[,] & it may be kept two yeres;
    • 1535, Thomas Elyot, The Education or Bringing up of Children:
      For lyinge is a detestable vice, and to be hated of all men, ne to be suffred amonge seruantis ne other persones[,] howe poure estate so euer they be of.
    • 1542, Nicholas Udall, Apophthegms (translation):
      Thus some persones beeyng inuited and exhorted to falle to the studie of lettres, make their excuse that thei bee sickely, that thei can not slepe ne take their naturall reste in the nightes.
    • 1558, Thomas Phaer, The Aeneid (translation):
      We Moores be not so base of wit, ne yet so blunt of mynd.
    • c1560, Edward Gosynhill, The Schoolhouse of Women:
      The deuyll gossyp, ought me a shame / And prayde I am nowe, euerye penye I wolde god he had, be blinde and lame / The daye and houre, he fyrste woed me / Ware not gossyp, these chyldren thre I wolde not tary, ye may be sure / Longer with hym, daye ne houre.
    • 1562, Arthur Brooke, The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet:
      Neither extremitie, ne gentle meanes could boote; she hydeth close within her brest, her secret sorowes roote.
    • 1562, Arthur Brooke, The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet:
      Ne on her teares or plaint, at all to have remorse, but (if they can not with her will,) to bring the mayde perforce.
    • 1570, John Thynne, The Debate betweene Pride and Lowlines:
      His hart encreaseth not thereby ne lesseth as edoon these fooles.
    • 1577, The Hereford Municipal Manuscript:
      And that no victualer ne other person or persons forestall any kynde of victualls cominge to the said Cyty or within the precyncte of the same before the same victualls be come to the place.
    • 1587, Gascoigne and Kinwelmershe, Jocasta:
      Ioc: How can that be and thou my ioy in warre? Po: Henceforth n'am I your ioy ne yet your sonne.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.1:
      But to her cry they list not lenden eare, / Ne ought the more their mightie strokes surceasse.
    • 1634, W. Lathum:
      Whose worth all outward is in shew alone / But inward sent hath not, ne vertue none.
    • 1798, Samuel Coleridge, "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner", ll. 443-6:
      The pang, the curse, with which they died, / Had never pass'd away; / I could not draw my een from theirs / Ne turn them up to pray.

Usage notesEdit

  • Ne survives only as part of the oral tradition in rural Scotland and Northern England. It is almost never used in common speech.

AnagramsEdit


AfarEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

  1. we, us

Usage notesEdit

  • When followed by a word starting with a consonant, the form née is used.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “ne”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN

AinuEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ne (Kana spelling )

  1. (intransitive, copulative) to be, become
    Ainu ne ruwe ne.
    He is an Ainu.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • an (to exist)

AlbanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

The nominative-accusative is from accusative Proto-Albanian *nōs, stressed form of clitic Proto-Indo-European *nos, which is continued by the clitic na.[2] Neve and nesh are innovated, but Gheg retains dative nahe (Old Albanian nae) from a genitive *nosōm.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ne (accusative ne, dative neve, ablative nesh)

  1. we, us

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fialuur i voghel Sccyp e ltinisct (Small Dictionary of Albanian and Latin), page 85, by P. Jak Junkut, 1895, Sckoder
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “ne”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 289

BlagarEdit

NounEdit

ne

  1. human, person

ReferencesEdit


BretonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Brythonic *ni.

ParticleEdit

ne

  1. not

Usage notesEdit

Used combined with ket, mirroring French ne ... pas.


CatalanEdit

PronounEdit

ne (enclitic, contracted 'n, proclitic en, contracted proclitic n')

  1. represents an indeterminate number or quantity of a given noun
  2. represents a place (associated with the action described by the verb) that would be introduced by the preposition de
  3. replaces a phrase introduced by the preposition de
  4. replaces the object of a causative verb

Usage notesEdit

  • ne cannot be used more than once as the object of a given verb.
  • While ne is usually used to replace phrases beginning with the preposition de, adverbial phrases (eg de pressa) are replaced with hi.
  • ne is sometimes used instead of ho to replace an adjective or indefinite noun as the predicate of a verb.
  • ne is sometimes used popularly to add emphasis to a sentence: in this sense, it has no translation in English.
  • -ne is the full (plena) form of the pronoun. It is normally used after verbs ending with consonant or ⟨u⟩, or between some adverbs/pronouns and a verb. In some varieties of Catalan (Balearic/Valencian) it can also occur in sentence-initial position.

See alsoEdit


ChuukeseEdit

ConjunctionEdit

ne

  1. to (connects verbs)

PrepositionEdit

ne

  1. Expressing a fraction or a ratio. Preceded by a nominator and followed by the denominator.

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈnɛ]
  • (file)

InterjectionEdit

ne

  1. no!

ParticleEdit

ne

  1. not

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ne in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • ne in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DalmatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin nec, neque. Compare Italian , Spanish, Catalan and French ni, Romanian nici.

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. neither

DegEdit

NounEdit

ne

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From nen through apocope, itself a contraction of eenen, enen, the now-obsolete accusative form of een.

PronunciationEdit

ArticleEdit

ne

  1. (Brabant) a, an
    ne man
    a man

Usage notesEdit

ne is used primarily in the dialects that retain the three-gender split. It is only used for masculine words, while een is used for feminine and neuter words.

The form nen is used before vowels (as the English an) and certain consonants (commonly b, d and t), differing from dialect to dialect.

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


Eastern Huasteca NahuatlEdit

DeterminerEdit

ne

  1. that.

PronounEdit

ne

  1. that.

EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

ParticleEdit

ne

  1. no
  2. not
  3. non-

AntonymsEdit


FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *nek, from Proto-Uralic *ne + *-k (dual ending).

For the inflectional stems ni-, see se. nii- possibly derives from ni- with the plural infix (-i-).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈne/, [ˈne̞]
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Syllabification: ne

PronounEdit

ne (plural, stem nii-)

  1. (demonstrative, of things and animals) they, those (plural of the pronoun se (it); objects not pointed at by the speaker)
  2. (colloquial, dialectal, of people) they
    Synonym: he

DeterminerEdit

ne

  1. those, the (not pointed at by the speaker)
    Tässä ne kirjat nyt ovat.
    This is where those books are now.

InflectionEdit

The case suffixes are mostly regular (except inessive and elative singular). Abessive is never used in singular and extremely seldom in plural. Instructive niin is more or less a theoretical construction, since it has developed into an adverb, and its current meaning cannot be derived from ne.

DescendantsEdit

  • Kven: net
  • Meänkieli: net

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin nōn.

PronunciationEdit

ParticleEdit

ne

  1. (literary) not (used alone to negate a verb; now chiefly with the verbs pouvoir, savoir, cesser, oser, and daigner)
    • 1713, Voltaire, letter, Dec 1713:
      Je ne sais si je dois vous appeler Monsieur ou Mademoiselle [] .
      I don't know if I should call you Mr or Miss.
    • 1826, Victor Hugo, Bug-Jargal, XXXVIII:
      Le prince de France nous aime, celui d'Espagne ne cesse de nous secourir.
      The prince of France loves us, that of Spain never stops helping us.
    • 1868, Emile Zola, Madeleine Férat:
      Je n’ose te jurer que je t'aime toujours, parce que je sens bien que tu ne me croirais pas.
      I dare not swear that I still love you, for I sense that you would not believe me.
    • 1943, Jean-Paul Sartre, Réflexions sur la question juive:
      Mais je ne le crois pas : un homme qui trouve naturel de dénoncer des hommes ne peut avoir notre conception de l'humain [] .
      But I don't think so: a man who finds it natural to denounce men cannot have our idea of being human.
  2. not, no (used before a verb, with a subsequent element following; see Usage Notes, below)
    • 1851, Henri Murger, Le pays latin:
      Je ne sais rien de plus odieux que l'hypocrisie.
      I don't know anything more odious than hypocrisy.
    • 1998, Michel Houellebecq, Les Particules Élémentaires:
      Bruno se rendit compte qu'il ne serait jamais accepté par les hippies [] .
      Bruno realised that he'd never be accepted by the hippies.
    • 2012, Le Monde, 3 May 2012:
      "Il n’y a pas eu un truc auquel on ne s'attendait pas", affirme Stéphane Le Foll.
      ‘There wasn't anything we weren't expecting,’ stated Stéphane Le Foll.
  3. Used in a subordinate clause before a subjunctive verb (especially when the main verb expresses doubt or fear), to provide extra overtones of doubt or uncertainty (but not negating its verb); the so-called "pleonastic" or "expletive" ne.
    • 1829, Victor Hugo, Le Derner Jour d'un Condamné, XXVII:
      Ah! mes cheveux blanchiront avant que ma tête ne tombe!
      Oh! My hair will go white before my head falls!
    • 1837, George Sand, Mauprat:
      Oui, mais je crains qu'elle ne soit plus malade qu'elle ne l'avoue, repartit l'abbé.
      ‘Yes, but I think she might be more ill than she's letting on,’ the priest replied.
  4. In comparative clauses usually translated with the positive sense of the subsequent negative
    apprendre le français est plus facile qu'on ne pense
    learning French is easier than you think

Usage notesEdit

  • Ne is typically followed by a verb and then a negative adverbial pas, plus, jamais, guère, or (now literary) point; by a negative pronoun personne or rien; or by a negative determiner, aucun or nul.
  • In colloquial French, ne is often omitted:
    Je le veux pasI don't want it
  • In literary French, ne can be used alone with certain verbs, as specified above.

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Contraction of nicht, dialectal net, nit, ni.

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

ne

  1. (colloquial) right?; is it?; is it not?; tag question
    Wir müssen da lang, ne?
    We need to go that way, don't we?
    Du hast keine Geschwister, ne?
    You don't have siblings, do you?
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

ne

  1. Alternative spelling of nee

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

ArticleEdit

ne

  1. (nonstandard) Alternative spelling of 'ne

German Low GermanEdit

ArticleEdit

ne f

  1. (Paderbornisch) nominative/accusative feminine singular of en: a

PronounEdit

ne m

  1. (Paderbornisch) weak accusative of hei: him

See alsoEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

  1. Romanization of 𐌽𐌴

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. don't, should/shall not, stop (doing something)
    Ne hallgass rá!Don't listen to him!
    Ne felejtsd el! or (more emphatically) El ne felejtsd!(Mind you) don't forget it!
    Miért ne? (= Miért ne csináljuk/tegyük?)Why not? (literally, “Why shouldn't [we do it]?”)
    Bár ne tettem volna!I wish I hadn't done it.
    Ne lopj!Thou shalt not steal.

Usage notesEdit

Used before the verb in an imperative clause (or sometimes a conditional clause expressing a wish or desire) to negate that clause; ne is always used instead of nem in the imperative mood.

Derived termsEdit

(Compound words)

Expressions

Further readingEdit

  • ne in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Esperanto ne, from French ne, Russian не (ne).

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. not, don’t

NounEdit

ne (plural ne-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter N/n.

See alsoEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • ne- (non-, un-, in-, im-, ir- (etc.))

Isthmus ZapotecEdit

ConjunctionEdit

ne

  1. and

Istro-RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin nix, nivem, through Proto-Romanian (compare Romanian nea, Aromanian neao), from Proto-Italic *sniks, from Proto-Indo-European *snígʷʰs (snow), root noun derived from *sneygʷʰ- (to snow).

NounEdit

ne f (definite nevu, genitive/dative lu nevu)

  1. snow

ItalianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin inde (thence). Compare French en (adverb, pronoun).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): °/ne/°, (traditional) /ne/°
  • Rhymes: -e
  • In modern usage but not traditional usage, this word actively blocks syntactic gemination of its initial consonant. Hence però ne prendo (I (will) take some) is pronounced /peˈrɔ ne ˈprɛndo/ in modern usage, but /peˈrɔ‿nne ˈprɛndo/ traditionally, since però normally triggers syntactic gemination.

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. from there
    Ne uscirono tre.Three of them came out from there.
Usage notesEdit
  • The adverb ne replaces di (from there):
Sono di Genova; ne sono venuto stamattina.
I am from Genoa; I came from there this morning.

PronounEdit

ne

  1. about it
    Ne ho sentito parlare.I have heard about it.
    Cosa ne pensi?What do you think about it?
  2. of it
    C'è della torta? Ne voglio una fetta.Is there any cake? I want a slice of it.
  3. of them (sometimes not translated in English)
    Non ne ho più.I've got no more (of them) left.
Usage notesEdit
  • The pronoun ne stands for di + [pronoun], and can thus be a translation of “[preposition] + it/them” for any preposition that is translated as di in Italian.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): °°/ne/*
  • Rhymes: -e
  • This word triggers syntactic gemination of the following consonant, and may or may not block syntactic gemination of its initial consonant (contrast the pronominal usage above).

ContractionEdit

ne

  1. Apocopic form of nel
    Massimo Troisi ha vinto un oscar per la sua interpretazione ne "Il postino".
    Massimo Troisi won an Oscar for his performance in "Il Postino".
Usage notesEdit
  • The contraction ne is used where nel, nella, etc, would ordinarily be used, but cannot be because the article is part of the title of a film, book, etc.
See alsoEdit

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

ne

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

KalashaEdit

DeterminerEdit

ne

  1. no

ParticleEdit

ne

  1. no

KarelianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *nek, from Proto-Uralic *ne. Cognates include Finnish ne and Estonian need.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

ne

  1. these, those

PronounEdit

ne

  1. these, those
  2. they (inanimate)

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • P. M. Zaykov (1999) Грамматика Карельского языка (фонетика и морфология) [Grammar of the Karelian language (phonetics and morphology)], →ISBN, page 58

LadinEdit

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. not

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Extended from Proto-Indo-European *ne (not) (whence Old Latin ne (not)). Cognates include Proto-Germanic *ne (whence Gothic 𐌽𐌹 (ni) and Old English ne), Sanskrit (), Bulgarian, Serbo-Croatian and Russian не (ne), Lithuanian ne, Irish .

AdverbEdit

(not comparable)

  1. no, not
Derived termsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

(+ subjunctive)

  1. that not, in order not to and similar; lest
    quem post sē hostem relinqueretin order not to leave any enemy behind himself
    (Caesar, de Bello Gallico, VII, 11)
    sī reliquam partem hiemis ūnō locō legiōnēs continēret, stipendiāriīs Aeduōrum expugnātis cūncta Gallia dēficeret[he feared] lest if he should confine his legions in one place for the remaining part of the winter, all Gaul would revolt when the stipendiaries of the Aedui were subdued
    (Caesar, de Bello Gallico, VII, 10)
    veritus noctū ex oppidō prōfugerenthe feared lest [the enemy] should escape by night
    (Caesar, de Bello Gallico, VII, 11)
    Vereor, videātur ōrātiō mea stulta. :
    I fear lest my oration seem foolish.
Usage notesEdit
  • Not to be confused with the affirmative particle ne (see Etymology 2).
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁enos (that one), the source also of Latin enim (truly!, indeed!). Cognates include Ancient Greek νή (nḗ), ναί (naí).

InterjectionEdit

  1. truly!, indeed!; commonly connected with other affirmative particles

LatvianEdit

PronunciationEdit

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ConjunctionEdit

ne

  1. not
    ne tikainot only
    ne visainot quite

LithuanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

ne

  1. no (used to show disagreement or negation)

LivonianEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ne

  1. they; nominative plural of tämā

LugandaEdit

ConjunctionEdit

ne

  1. and (only used if the overall statement is grammatically positive)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

The Essentials of Luganda, J. D. Chesswas, 4th edition. Oxford University Press: Nairobi. 1967, p. 94.

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Luganda is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

RomanizationEdit

ne (Zhuyin ˙ㄋㄜ)

  1. Pinyin transcription of ,
  2. Pinyin transcription of

ne

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mezquital OtomiEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Otomi [Term?], from Proto-Otomian [Term?], from Proto-Oto-Pamean *neʔ.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ne

  1. (trans) want

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Otomi *ne, from Proto-Otomian *ne, from Proto-Oto-Pamean *te/*ne, from Proto-Oto-Manguean *(Y)te(H)³.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ne

  1. mouth
  2. snout
  3. edge (of a blade)
  4. bite, sting
  5. animals at the head of the herd

ReferencesEdit

  • Andrews, Enriqueta (1950) Vocabulario otomí de Tasquillo, Hidalgo[1] (in Spanish), México, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, pages 19, 47, 74
  • Hernández Cruz, Luis; Victoria Torquemada, Moisés (2010) Diccionario del hñähñu (otomí) del Valle del Mezquital, estado de Hidalgo (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 45)‎[2] (in Spanish), second edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 210

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch ne, from Proto-Germanic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. not

Usage notesEdit

Immediately precedes the verb. Often found in combination with the synonymous niet or another negating adverb, which is placed elsewhere.

Alternative formsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: n- (prefix)

Further readingEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English ne, from Proto-West Germanic *ne, from Proto-Germanic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. not (negates the accompanying verb)
    Þei ne bileveden hire nought.They didn't believe her.
    • 13??, Geoffrey Chaucer, "The Knight's Portrait" (line 70), The Canterbury Tales.
      He nevere yet no vileynye ne sayde.
  2. not (to no degree, extent, or way)
    Þou ne art weyke.You aren't weak.

Usage notesEdit

  • Middle English lacks do-support. Instead, ne is simply used by itself: Puple deien, bot fame ne deieþ ("People die, but reputation does not die").
  • Middle English has negative concord, so negatives don't cancel out another, unlike formal English or Latin. ne is often accompanied by other negatives rather than used alone. Double, triple, and quadruple negatives are common: I ne oght no man noght ("I haven't owed anything to anyone," literally "I not owed no one nothing").
  • ne usually immediately precedes the verb; compare nought / nat, which usually follows it.

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: ne (obsolete)
  • Scots: ne (obsolete)

ReferencesEdit

ConjunctionEdit

ne

  1. nor (and not, or (not), not)
  2. lest (in case, before)
  3. than (introducing a basis of comparison)

Usage notesEdit

  • ne can contract with certain words that follow it, such as ne wasnas. This is optional, so forms like ne was are possible.
  • ne... ne... is often found in correlative constructions, with the meaning of not... or...; this is comparable to modern English neither... (n)or....

DescendantsEdit

  • English: ne (obsolete)
  • Scots: ne (obsolete)

ReferencesEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. not (used to negate a verb)
    • 1488, Jean Dupré, Lancelot du Lac, page 22:
      Ha ha pourdieu franc chevalier et preux ne me occisez mie
      Ha! For the love of God honest and valiant knight, don't kill me!
    • 1530, François Rabelais, Pantagruel:
      et ne m'advint oncques de mentir ou asseurer chose que ne feust veritable
      It never happened to me to lie or to assure someone of something that wasn't truthful
    • 1562, Henry IV of France, Lettres Missives:
      Catherine de Médicis, ne tarda pas à faire venir auprès de lui, en 1561, sa femme et ses enfants.
      Catherine of Medicis did not hesitate to bring to him, in 1561, his wife and his children
Usage notesEdit
  • As in modern French, may be used in combination with another adverb, such as ne... iamais, ne... pas, ne... gaire, ne... mie, ne... oncques, ne... poin(c)t and ne... rien(s), but such an adverb is not required.

Etymology 2Edit

See ny

ConjunctionEdit

ne

  1. Alternative form of ny (neither; nor)

NegerhollandsEdit

VerbEdit

ne

  1. take

ReferencesEdit

  • Language Contact in the Danish West Indies (2012, →ISBN

Northern KurdishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Iranian *na, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *na, from Proto-Indo-European *ne. Related to na.

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. not
    Ez ne kurd im.
    I'm not Kurdish.

InterjectionEdit

ne

  1. no

Northern NdebeleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

AdjectiveEdit

-ne

  1. four

InflectionEdit

Adjective concord, tone L
Modifier Copulative
1st singular engimune ngimune
2nd singular omune umune
1st plural esibane sibane
2nd plural elibane libane
Class 1 omune mune
Class 2 abane bane
Class 3 omune mune
Class 4 emine mine
Class 5 eline line
Class 6 amane mane
Class 7 esine sine
Class 8 ezine zine
Class 9 ene ine
Class 10 ezine zine
Class 11 olune lune
Class 14 obune bune
Class 15 okune kune
Class 17 okune kune

Norwegian NynorskEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse nið f, possibly from Proto-Germanic *nidwō (sinking; downfall).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ne n (definite singular neet, indefinite plural ne, definite plural nea)

  1. a lunar phase of an old moon, i.e. period of time in which the moon is waning
    Antonym: ny

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *ne (not)

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. not
    Sēo lǣrestre ne meahte furðum mīnes naman ġemunan.
    The teacher could not even remember my name.

Usage notesEdit

  • Old English does not have do-support. Instead, ne is simply used by itself: Menn sweltaþ, ac hlīsa ne swilt ("People die, but reputation does not die").
  • Ne is placed immediately before the finite verb.
  • Ne negates verbs. Other parts of speech are negated with : Iċ eom lǣċe, forspennend ("I'm a doctor, not a pimp"), Iċ hīe fræġn "Hū wæs þīn færeld?" and hēo cwæþ " yfel" ("I asked her 'How was your trip?' and she said 'Not bad'"). is also used when the verb is only implied: Ne rēċe iċ hwæðer mē hwā ġelīefe þē ("I don't care if anyone believes me or not").
  • Ne and its accompanying verb often come at the beginning of a sentence: Ne meahte nān mann tōcnāwan hwelċes blēos hē wǣre ("Nobody could tell what color he was," literally "Couldn't nobody tell what color he was").
  • Old English has negative concord, meaning one negative doesn't cancel out another. Double, triple, and quadruple negatives are very common: Ne sċolde iċ nǣfre nānum menn nāwiht ("I've never owed anything to anyone," literally "I never not owed no one nothing").
  • In a few verbs beginning with a vowel, h, or w, ne actually fuses with the verb, creating nesan (to not be), nabban (to not have), nyllan (to not want), nytan (to not know), and nāgan (to not own). In the West Saxon dialect (the dialect of most surviving texts and sometimes referred to as "standard" Old English), the contracted forms are the norm, while in other dialects the uncontracted forms ne wesan, ne habban, etc. are also common.

ConjunctionEdit

ne

  1. (in negative phrases) or, and not (optionally translated as "nor")
    Ne lufiġe iċ þæt beorhte sweord for his sċearpnesse, ne þone flān for his swiftnesse, ne þone cempan for his wuldre. Þæt ān iċ lufiġe þæt þe hīe beweriaþ.
    I do not love the bright sword for its sharpness, nor the arrow for its swiftness, nor the warrior for his glory. I love only that which they defend.
  2. ne... ne... is used to mean "[not...] or..." (optionally translated as "neither... nor...")
    Hēo næfþ ne frīend ne lufiendas. Hēo hæfþ wrace.
    She doesn't have friends or lovers. She has revenge.

Usage notesEdit

  • In the phrase "[not...] or...", ne is often used consecutively for "or": Iċ nāt ne ne rēċe hwelċes cynnes fugol hit sīe, hit is mīn frēond ("I don't know or care what kind of bird it is, it's my friend").

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle English: ne
    • Scots: ne
    • English: ne

Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin nec.

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. not; used to form negative constructions

DescendantsEdit

  • French: ne

ConjunctionEdit

ne

  1. neither (not one or the other)

DescendantsEdit

  • French: ni

Old FrisianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *ne (not). Cognates include Old English ne and Old Saxon ne.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. not

DescendantsEdit

  • North Frisian:
    Heligoland: ni

ConjunctionEdit

ne

  1. nor

ParticleEdit

ne

  1. no

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Old SaxonEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *ne.

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. not

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Low German: ne, en

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ne

  1. accusative plural masculine of na (those)

PronounEdit

ne

  1. accusative plural of na (them, those)

PhuthiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

AdjectiveEdit

-ne

  1. four

InflectionEdit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.


RawangEdit

NounEdit

ne

  1. eye.

RomanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • нє (pre-1860s Cyrillic form)

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin nīs, from Latin nos. Compare (old form) and Aromanian .

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ne (unstressed accusative and reflexive form of noi)

  1. (direct object, first-person plural) us
    El ne urmează.
    He's following us.

Related termsEdit

  • noi (stressed accusative)

PronounEdit

ne (unstressed dative and reflexive form of noi)

  1. (indirect object) (to) us
    Ele ne dau cadouri.
    They give us presents.

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Saterland FrisianEdit

PronunciationEdit

ArticleEdit

ne

  1. Alternative form of n

ScotsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English ne, from Old English ne, from Proto-Germanic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /neɪ/, /nɛ/, /nə/, /n(ː)/

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. (archaic, rare) Not.
    Ne look at the sky, when ye tread bumpy roads.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    (A Northern English folk saying)

ConjunctionEdit

ne

  1. (archaic, rare) Nor.
    Ne mother, ne father, ne friends, ne foes ne-knew what had worthen of him.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Usage notesEdit

  • Ne is a negative particle and it is used preverbally, i.e. it is placed directly before a verb, for example,ː"What haps might chance me I ne knew" (William Fowler (makar), 1590) and "To suffer exile he said that he ne couth" (Gavin Douglas, Virgil's Aeneid, 1513). Now archaic and chiefly dialectal, it is still understood and used by a few rural speakers in Scotland and Northern England.
  • As a conjunction, it is placed immediately before the word it negates as inː ne mickle, ne little; Twas ne man, ne woman.. ne beast; ne rich, ne poor, ne bold, ne meek, ne stong, ne weak can escape God's wrath.
  • In urban areas and cities became displaced by na or nae.

Further readingEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

PronunciationEdit

ParticleEdit

ne (Cyrillic spelling не)

  1. not (denoting negation)
    ne znamI don't know
    on je ne samo darovit, već i jako marljivhe is not only talented, but also very industrious
    htio-ne htiowhether you want it or not
    da ne spavaš? / ne spavaš li? / zar ne spavaš?aren't you sleeping?
    ne mogu, a da ne…I cannot but…
    reći neto say no; refuse, decline
    ne manje nego/od…no less than…
    ne doćito fail to come, not come
    … Zar ne?… Aren't you? (Isn't it?, Do you?, Don't you?)
    nećuI won't

InterjectionEdit

ne (Cyrillic spelling не)

  1. no
    Jesi li demokrat? Ne!Are you a democrat? No!

SynonymsEdit

  • jok (dialectal)

AntonymsEdit


SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

PronunciationEdit

ParticleEdit

  1. not (negates meaning of verb)
  2. no (expresses disapproval, disagreement)

AntonymsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ne”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Southern NdebeleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

AdjectiveEdit

-ne

  1. four

InflectionEdit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.


SwaziEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

AdjectiveEdit

-ne

  1. four

InflectionEdit

Adjective concord, tone L
Modifier Copulative
1st singular lengimune ngimune
2nd singular lomune umune
1st plural lesibane sibane
2nd plural lenibane nibane
Class 1 lomune mune
Class 2 labane bane
Class 3 lomune mune
Class 4 lemine mine
Class 5 leline line
Class 6 lamane mane
Class 7 lesine sine
Class 8 letine tine
Class 9 lene ine
Class 10 letine tine
Class 11 lolune lune
Class 14 lobune bune
Class 15 lokune kune
Class 17 lokune kune

TurkishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ottoman Turkish نه(ne, what, whatever, how), from Old Anatolian Turkish [script needed] (ne, what), from Proto-Turkic *nē- (what).[1] The only Turkic root beginning with /n/. The earliest PT form must have contained a unique initial nasal, having yielded specific reflexes in modern languages.

Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰤𐰀(n²a /ne/, what, which), Karakhanid [script needed] (, what), Old Uyghur [script needed] (ne, what), Azerbaijani (what), Salar neñ (what), Bashkir ни (ni, what), Chuvash мӗн (mĕn, what) (metathesis < *ne-me), Kazakh не (ne, what), Khakas ниме (nime, what), Kyrgyz не (ne, what), Tatar ни (ni, what), Turkmen nǟmä (what), Tuvan чүү (çüü, what), Uyghur نېمە(nëme, what), Uzbek na (what), Yakut туох (tuox, what).

PronounEdit

ne

  1. what
    Ne istiyorsun?What do you want?
  2. whatever
    Ne istersen yaparım.I will do whatever you want.
DeclensionEdit
Inflection
Nominative ne
Definite accusative neyi
Singular Plural
Nominative ne neler
Definite accusative neyi neleri
Dative neye nelere
Locative nede nelerde
Ablative neden nelerden
Genitive nenin nelerin
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular neyim nelerim
2nd singular nesin nelersin
3rd singular ne
nedir
neler
nelerdir
1st plural neyiz neleriz
2nd plural nesiniz nelersiniz
3rd plural neler nelerdir
Related termsEdit

AdverbEdit

ne

  1. what, how, such
    Ne güzel!How beautiful!
    Ne güzel bir gün!What a beautiful day!
  2. Used as an intensifier to express surprise, astonishment, together with expressions like be!, ha!.
    Ne osurdun be!You farted such (that probably the whole world heard it).

Etymology 2Edit

From Ottoman Turkish نه(ne, neither; nor), from Persian نه(na). Cognate to Old English ne (not).

ConjunctionEdit

ne

  1. neither; nor
    Ne bu ne şuNeither this nor that
Usage notesEdit
  • Not used alone but rather as ne...ne..., the way it is used is directly copied from Persian نه...نه...(“neither; nor”).
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

ne

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter N.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*nē-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

TuvaluanEdit

ParticleEdit

ne

  1. past tense marker, inserted immediately before the relevant verb

UnamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

  1. that (inanimate)

See alsoEdit


Ura (Vanuatu)Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ne

  1. water
  2. river

Further readingEdit

  • Terry Crowley, Ura: A Disappearing Language of Southern Vanuatu (1999)

XhosaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

AdjectiveEdit

-ne

  1. four

InflectionEdit

Adjective concord, tone L
Modifier Copulative
positive negative positive negative
1st singular endimne endingemne ndimne andimne
2nd singular omne ongemne umne awumne
1st plural esibane esingebane sibane asibane
2nd plural enibane eningebane nibane anibane
Class 1 omne ongemne mne akamne
Class 2 abane abangebane bane ababane
Class 3 omne ongemne mne awumne
Class 4 emine engemine mine ayimine
Class 5 eline elingeline line aliline
Class 6 amane angemane mane awamane
Class 7 esine esingesine sine asisine
Class 8 ezine ezingezine zine azizine
Class 9 ene engene ine ayiyine
Class 10 ezine ezingezine zine azizine
Class 11 olune olungelune lune alulune
Class 14 obune obungebune bune abubune
Class 15 okune okungekune kune akukune
Class 17 okune okungekune kune akukune

Yup'ikEdit

NounEdit

ne (absolutive ena)

  1. house

ZouEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ne

  1. lip

VerbEdit

ne

  1. (transitive) to eat

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, pages 40-41

ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

AdjectiveEdit

-ne

  1. four

InflectionEdit

Adjective concord, tone L
Modifier Copulative
positive negative positive negative
1st singular engimune engingemune ngimune angimune
2nd singular omune ongemune umune awumune
1st plural esibane esingebane sibane asibane
2nd plural enibane eningebane nibane anibane
Class 1 omune ongemune mune akamune
Class 2 abane abangebane bane ababane
Class 3 omune ongemune mune awumune
Class 4 emine engemine mine ayimine
Class 5 eline elingeline line aliline
Class 6 amane angemane mane awamane
Class 7 esine esingesine sine asisine
Class 8 ezine ezingezine zine azizine
Class 9 ene engene, engeyine ine, yine ayiyine
Class 10 ezine ezingezine zine azizine
Class 11 olune olungelune lune alulune
Class 14 obune obungebune bune abubune
Class 15 okune okungekune kune akukune
Class 17 okune okungekune kune akukune

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit