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From Proto-Indo-European *bʰruHg- (to use, enjoy). Akin to English brook (Etymology 1).



fruor (present infinitive fruī, perfect active frūctus sum); third conjugation, deponent

  1. I enjoy; I derive pleasure from.
  2. I engage (in)

Usage notesEdit

Used with the ablative.


   Conjugation of fruor (third conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fruor frueris, fruere fruitur fruimur fruiminī fruuntur
imperfect fruēbar fruēbāris, fruēbāre fruēbātur fruēbāmur fruēbāminī fruēbantur
future fruar fruēris, fruēre fruētur fruēmur fruēminī fruentur
perfect frūctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect frūctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect frūctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fruar fruāris, fruāre fruātur fruāmur fruāminī fruantur
imperfect fruerer fruerēris, fruerēre fruerētur fruerēmur fruerēminī fruerentur
perfect frūctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect frūctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present fruere fruiminī
future fruitor fruitor fruuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives fruī frūctus esse frūctūrus esse
participles fruēns frūctus frūctūrus fruendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
fruī fruendī fruendō fruendum frūctum frūctū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit



  • fruor in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fruor in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fruor in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to enjoy the privilege of living; to be alive: vita or hac luce frui
    • to solace oneself with the thought..: hoc solacio frui, uti
    • to be at leisure: otio frui
    • to take one's fill of enjoyment: voluptatibus frui
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill