From Proto-Italic *oitōr (with ūsus for *issus after ūtor), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *h₃eyt- ‎(to take along, fetch). Compare the future stem οἴσ- ‎(oís-) of Ancient Greek φέρω ‎(phérō, carry).



ūtor ‎(present infinitive ūtī, perfect active ūsus sum); third conjugation, deponent

  1. I use, employ.
    • Hasdrubal, Hannibal's brother, when Hannibal failed to invade Rome after his victory at Cannae.
      Vincere scis, Hannibal, victoria uti nescis.
      You know how to be obtain victory, Hannibal, but you do not know how to use it.
  2. I enjoy, take advantage of.
  3. I experience, undergo, encounter.
  4. I wear.
  5. I consume.

Usage notesEdit

Used with the ablative.


   Conjugation of utor (third conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ūtor ūteris, ūtere ūtitur ūtimur ūtiminī ūtuntur
imperfect ūtēbar ūtēbāris, ūtēbāre ūtēbātur ūtēbāmur ūtēbāminī ūtēbantur
future ūtar ūtēris, ūtēre ūtētur ūtēmur ūtēminī ūtentur
perfect ūsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect ūsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect ūsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ūtar ūtāris, ūtāre ūtātur ūtāmur ūtāminī ūtantur
imperfect ūterer ūterēris, ūterēre ūterētur ūterēmur ūterēminī ūterentur
perfect ūsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect ūsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present ūtere ūtiminī
future ūtitor ūtitor ūtuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives ūtī ūsus esse ūsūrus esse ūsum īrī
participles ūtēns ūsus ūsūrus ūtendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
ūtī ūtendī ūtendō ūtendum ūsum ūsū

Derived termsEdit



  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press
  • utor” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
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