Middle Persian edit

Etymology edit

From Old Iranian *wahā-čā̆rana- (market, literally trade-walkabout) — the first and latter elements whereof ultimately deriving from Proto-Indo-European *wes- (to sell) (compare Persian بها(bahâ)) and *kʷel- (to turn, revolve) respectively.

Cognate with Gilaki واجار(vājār, open market, bazaar), Northern Kurdish bajar (city (place of trade)) Mazanderani واجار(vājār, known, famous) (in the sense of revealing something in front of everyone in a bazaar), Sogdian 𐫇𐫀𐫝𐫡𐫗(wʾcrn, market, bazaar), Bactrian οασαρο (oasaro, market). Akin to the Iranian borrowings: Old Armenian վաճառ (vačaṙ, market; trade), Old Georgian ვაჭარი (vač̣ari, merchant), Aghwan 𐕛𐔰𐕖𐔰𐕙 (vačar, Jew).

Noun edit

wʾčʾl (/wāzār/)

  1. market, bazaar

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Persian: بازار(bâzâr) (see there for further descendants)

References edit

  • Benveniste, Émile (1969) Le vocabulaire des institutions indo-européennes (in French), volume I, Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit, page 126
  • Gharib, B. (1995), “wʾčʾl”, in Sogdian dictionary: Sogdian–Persian–English, Tehran: Farhangan Publications, page 396b
  • Henning, W. B. (1977) Selected Papers (Acta Iranica; 14)‎[1], volume I, Tehran and Liège: Bibliothèque Pahlavi, page 530a
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “wāzār”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 89
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[2] (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 535
  • “BĀZĀR”, in Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition[3], New York, 1989