See also: ym, Ym, and ym.

ManxEdit

PrefixEdit

ym-

  1. circum-, peri-, around

Derived termsEdit


WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂m̥bʰi (round about, around). Cognate with Latin amb- (around, about), ambi- (both), Ancient Greek ἀμφί (amphí, around, about).[1] Cognate with Cornish om-.

PrefixEdit

ym-

  1. self, reflexive prefix
    ym- + ‎golchi (wash) → ‎ymolchi (wash oneself, have a wash)
    ym- + ‎uno (to unite) → ‎ymuno (to join)
    ym- + ‎diswyddo (dismiss, discharge) → ‎ymddiswyddo (resign)
  2. each other, mutual, reciprocal prefix
    ym- + ‎gweld (to see) → ‎ymweld (to visit)
    ym- + ‎lladd (to kill) → ‎ymladd (to fight)
    ym- + ‎holi (ask) + ‎-iad → ‎ymholiad (inquiry)

Usage notesEdit

In many words, the original reflexive or reciprocal force of this prefix has now been lost and the relationship between the root and derived words is not always apparent, e.g. ymosod (to attack) from gosod (to put, to place), ymollwng (to succumb, to flop) from gollwg (to leak, to drop).

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
ym- unchanged unchanged hym-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “ym-”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Morris Jones, John (1913) A Welsh Grammar, Historical and Comparative, Oxford: Clarendon Press, § 156 i 4