Last modified on 18 December 2014, at 15:34

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 8 +19, 21 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹月一 (YHBM), four-corner 00107, composition)

  1. to progress
  2. busy, untiring
  3. exert

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (亹), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 魂
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 莫奔切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/muən/ /muən/ /muən/ /muon/ /mwən/ /muən/ /muən/
Character (亹), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 無匪切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mʉiX/ /mwe̯iX/ /miuəiX/ /mʷɨiX/ /mujX/ /mĭwəiX/ /miuəiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
mén ‹ mwon › /*mˤəәr/ river-gorge
wěi ‹ mj+jX › /*məәrʔ/ diligent

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13853 1 /*mɯlʔ/
13856 1 /*mɯːn/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. busy, untiring
  2. to exert, to progress

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mi, mun) (hangeul , , revised mi, mun, McCune-Reischauer mi, mun)

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