Last modified on 30 January 2015, at 01:30

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
佛-bw.png

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人中中弓 (OLLN), four-corner 25227, composition)

  1. Buddha
  2. of Buddhism
  3. merciful person
  4. Buddhist image

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 99, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 517
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 140, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4F5B

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (佛), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 物
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 符弗切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨut̚/ /bʱi̯uət̚/ /biuət̚/ /biut̚/ /but̚/ /bĭuət̚/ /biuət̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ bjut › /*[b][u]t/ great

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3324 1 /*bɯd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Buddha

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Abbreviation of ateji term 佛蘭西 (ふらんす, Furansu, France).

Proper nounEdit

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana ふつ, romaji Futsu)

  1. France.

Etymology 2Edit

From Sinitic 佛陀 (Fó​tuó), itself from Sanskrit Buddha.

NounEdit

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana ぶつ, romaji butsu)

  1. Buddhism.

Proper nounEdit

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana ぶつ, romaji Butsu)

  1. Abbreviation of 佛陀 (ぶっだ, Budda, Buddha).

Etymology 3Edit

ほとけ (hotoke): hoto from Sinitic 佛陀 (Fó​tuó), itself from Sanskrit Buddha; ke probably the suffix (ke), possibly added to signify mystical or visible.

NounEdit

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana ほとけ, romaji hotoke)

  1. A Buddha: an enlightened or awakened sentient being.
  2. A statue or image of any Buddha.
  3. The deceased, a departed soul.
  4. A term that a parent calls a child expressing parental affection: "my dear".
    • c. 890: Taketori Monogatari (page 7)
      「我子の、変化の人と申ながら、こゝら大きさまでやしなひたてまつる心ざし、をろかならず。 [...]」
    • c. 890: Taketori Monogatari (page 61)
      「あが、何事思ひたまふぞ。おぼすらんこと、何事ぞ」

Proper nounEdit

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana ほとけ, romaji Hotoke)

  1. Śākyamuni Buddha, Nepalese spiritual and philosophical teacher and founder of Buddhism; Siddhartha Gautama.
  2. Any of the other Buddhas named in Buddhist scriptures.

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bul, pil) (hangeul , , revised bul, pil, McCune-Reischauer pul, p'il)

  1. Buddha

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phật, phất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit