Last modified on 17 December 2014, at 03:32

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一廿中弓 (MTLN), four-corner 12400, composition)

  1. punishment, penalty
  2. law

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 137, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1886
  • Dae Jaweon: page 308, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 324, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5211

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (刑), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸經切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦeŋ/ /ɣieŋ/ /ɣeŋ/ /ɦeŋ/ /ɦɛjŋ/ /ɣieŋ/ /ɣɛŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xíng ‹ heng › /*[ɢ]ˤeŋ/ punish(ment)
xíng ‹ heng › /*[ɢ]ˤeŋ/ model, form

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6861 0 /*ɡeːŋ/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. punishment
  2. regulation
  3. punish

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana けい, romaji kei)

  1. punishment

SuffixEdit

(hiragana けい, romaji -kei)

  1. punishment

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyeong) (hangeul , revised hyeong, McCune-Reischauer hyŏng)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hình)

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