See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
刀-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a right Radical)

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形)

刀 刀 刀 刀
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹 (SH), four-corner 17220)

  1. knife, blade, sword
  2. a type of Chinese sabre in the shape of a large knife
  3. a type of ancient coin
  4. measure

DescendantsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 135, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1845
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 319, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5200

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping dou1, Yale dou1)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ tau, to, Guangdong tau1 [Meixian], tau1, to1 [Hailu], Hagfa Pinyim dau1)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Compound of (kata, one side) +‎ (na, edge).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かたな, romaji katana)

  1. (weaponry) a single-edged sword
  2. (weaponry) more specifically, a katana
  3. a small single-edged blade
SynonymsEdit
  • (small blade): 切れ物 (きれもの, ​kiremono)
Coordinate termsEdit
Related termsEdit
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese (taw). Compare modern Mandarin (dāo).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana とう, historical hiragana たう, romaji )

  1. a sword, a katana
  2. a scalpel, such as that used by a surgeon
  3. a kind of bronze or copper money in ancient China, shaped a bit like a sword
SynonymsEdit
  • (sword in general): 刀剣 (とうけん, ​tōken)
  • (scalpel): メス (​mesu)
  • (Chinese money): 刀銭, 刀泉 (とうせん, ​tōsen)
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(do)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): [[]] (revised: do, McCune-Reischauer: to)
  • Name (hangeul): ()

MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin dāo (dao1), fèn (fen4), Wade-Giles tao1, fen4)

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin dāo, measure word )

  1. knife, blade
  2. single-edged sword, cutlass
  3. (slang) dollar (laonword)

Derived termsEdit

  • 操刀
  • 刺刀
  • 大刀 (dàdāo)
  • 大砍刀
  • 刀把儿
  • 刀背, 刀背儿
  • 刀笔
  • 刀币
  • 刀兵 (dāobīng)
  • 刀柄
  • 刀叉 (dāochā)
  • 刀法
  • 刀锋
  • 刀斧手 (dāofǔshǒu)
  • 刀耕火种
  • 刀光剑影
  • 刀具
  • 刀锯
  • 刀口
  • 刀螂
  • 刀马旦
  • 刀片, 刀片儿
  • 刀枪
  • 刀鞘 (dāoqiào)
  • 刀刃 (dāorèn), 刀刃儿
  • 刀山火海
  • 刀伤
  • 刀削面
  • 刀子 (dāozi)
  • 刀俎
  • 短弯刀 (duǎnwāndāo)
  • 剪刀 (jiǎndāo)
  • 军刀

ClassifierEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin dāo)

  1. measure word for sets of one hundred sheets of paper

PhraseEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-01.

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*dɑu)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA to (to1), Guangdong dou1)

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đao, dao, đeo)

ReferencesEdit

Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:34