Last modified on 7 November 2014, at 21:56

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
刀-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a right Radical)

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形)

刀 刀 刀 刀
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹 (SH), four-corner 17220)

DescendantsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 135, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1845
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 319, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5200

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (刀), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 都勞切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑu/ /tɑu/ /tɑu/ /tɑu/ /taw/ /tɑu/ /tɑu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dāo ‹ taw › /*C.tˤaw/ knife

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2108 1 /*taːw/

NounEdit

(classifier )

  1. knife, blade
  2. single-edged sword, cutlass
  3. (slang) dollar (loanword)
Derived termsEdit

ClassifierEdit

  1. measure word for sets of one hundred sheets of paper

PhraseEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Compound of (kata, one side) +‎ (na, edge).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かたな, romaji katana)

  1. (weaponry) a single-edged sword
  2. (weaponry) more specifically, a katana
  3. a small single-edged blade
SynonymsEdit
Coordinate termsEdit
Related termsEdit
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese (taw). Compare modern Mandarin (dāo).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana とう, romaji , historical hiragana たう)

  1. a sword, a katana
  2. a scalpel, such as that used by a surgeon
  3. a kind of bronze or copper money in ancient China, shaped a bit like a sword
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(do)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: do, McCune-Reischauer: to)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.



VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đao, dao, đeo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit