Last modified on 29 January 2015, at 23:07

See also: , , , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
开-order.gif
Stroke order
开-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  (trunk)

Two trunks are of the same height. {not to confuse with 幵!}

Han characterEdit

(radical 55 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一廿 (MT), composition)

  1. open
  2. initiate, begin, start

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

  • (graphically similar)

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad. 开/

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (開), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 苦哀切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰʌi/ /kʰɑ̆i/ /kʰᴀi/ /kʰəi/ /kʰəj/ /kʰɒi/ /kʰɒi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kāi ‹ khoj › /*Nəә-[k]ʰˤəәj/ to open (v.i.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7348 1 /*kʰɯːl/

VerbEdit

  1. to open
    [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Wǒ bù néng kāi zhè gè mén. [Pinyin]
    I can't open the door.
    商店 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Shāngdiàn kāi dào bā diǎn. [Pinyin]
    The shop stays open till eight o'clock.
  2. to start, to turn on, to switch on
    电灯  ―  kāi diàndēng  ―  to switch the light on
  3. to boil
  4. (prescription, check, invoice,list) to write out
    支票  ―  kāi zhīpiào  ―  to write a check
    我们学生读书 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Wǒmen kāi le yī zhāng xuéshēng bì dúshū dān. [Pinyin]
    We make out a list of books which students ought to read.
  5. to prescribe
    医生咳嗽  ―  qǐng yīshēng kāi diǎn késòu yào  ―  Ask the doctor to prescribe something for that cough.
  6. (of vehicule, machine) to operate, to drive
  7. Abbreviation of 開爾文/开尔文 (degrees Kelvin).

AntonymsEdit

  • to close, to switch off
CompoundsEdit