Last modified on 13 November 2014, at 08:08

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 大尸大尸月 (KSKSB), four-corner 40227, composition)

  1. ribs
  2. armpits
  3. flank
  4. threaten

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 982, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29466
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1434, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2073, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8105

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (脅), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 嚴
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 許欠切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨɐmH/ /xi̯ɐmH/ /xiɐmH/ /hiɐmH/ /hɨamH/ /xĭɐmH/ /xiɐmH/
Character (脅), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 業
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 虚業切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨɐp̚/ /xi̯ɐp̚/ /xiap̚/ /hiɐp̚/ /hɨap̚/ /xĭɐp̚/ /xiɐp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xié ‹ xjaep › /*qʰ<r>ep/ flank, side of the body

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13779 1 /*hlams/
13783 1 /*hlab/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 脅威 (きょうい, kyōi)
  • 脅喝 (きょうかつ, kyōkatsu)
  • 脅迫 (きょうはく, kyōhaku)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyeop) (hangeul , revised hyeop, McCune-Reischauer hyŏp, Yale hyep)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hiếp)

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