Last modified on 13 November 2014, at 07:54

TranslingualEdit

simpl.
trad.

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (money) – worthy, valuable (like money)

Han characterEdit

(radical 154 +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸水月山金 (SEBUC), four-corner 77806, composition)

  1. virtuous, good, clever, wise, worthy
  2. able, capable

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1209, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36822
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1674, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3646, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8CE2

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (賢), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡田切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦen/ /ɣien/ /ɣen/ /ɦen/ /ɦɛn/ /ɣien/ /ɣɛn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xián ‹ hen › /*[g]ˤi[n]/ worthy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1337 1 /*ɡiːn/

CompoundsEdit

  • (Min Nan) 賢慧 (hiân-huē)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. intelligence
  2. clever
  3. quick-witted
  4. sagacious

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana さとる, romaji Satoru)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana まさる, romaji Masaru)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyeon) (hangeul , revised hyeon, McCune-Reischauer hyŏn, Yale hyen)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hiền, hèn)

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