Last modified on 24 September 2014, at 12:11

rainbow

See also: Rainbow

EnglishEdit

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Wikipedia

A rainbow (multicoloured arch shape).

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English reinbowe, reinboȝe, from Old English reġnboga (rainbow), from Proto-Germanic *regnabugô (rainbow), equivalent to rain +‎ bow (arch). Cognate with West Frisian reinbôge (rainbow), Dutch regenboog (rainbow), German Regenbogen (rainbow), Danish regnbue (rainbow), Swedish regnbåge (rainbow), Icelandic regnbogi (rainbow).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rainbow (plural rainbows)

  1. A multicoloured arch in the sky, produced by prismatic refraction of light within droplets of rain in the air.
  2. Any prismatic refraction of light showing a spectrum of colours.
  3. (often used with “of”) A wide assortment; a varied multitude.
    a rainbow of possibilities
  4. (figuratively) An illusion, mirage.
    Many electoral promises are rainbows, vanishing soon after poll day.
  5. (baseball) A curveball, particularly a slow one.
  6. (poker slang) In Texas hold 'em or Omaha hold 'em, a flop that contains three different suits.

QuotationsEdit

  • 1911, Francis R. Steel, Catching the Rainbow Trout, in The Outing Magazine, volume 58, page 482:
    Finally, by actual trial, I have found that I can catch more rainbow by using one fly than with a two or three-fly cast.
  • 1994, John Simon, Of Dogs, Their Masters, and Others, in New York magazine, September 5 1994, page 51:
    That Asian-American actor Thomas Ikeda contributes a pleasingly frantic Panthino would not be considered rainbow enough.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

rainbow (not comparable)

  1. Multicoloured.
  2. (attributive, chiefly US) Made up of several races or ethnicities, or (more broadly) of several cultural or ideological factions.
    • 2006, Anthony Summers, Robbyn Swan, Sinatra: The Life, page 246:
      He went along with them because the Pack was a rainbow group — two Italian-Americans, a black man, a Jew (Bishop), and a sometime Englishman (Lawford) — and they were making a point.
    • 2007, Melissa Haussman, Birgit Sauer, Gendering the state in the age of globalization, page 67:
      The 1999 June elections led to a surprise change in the governing coalition from the long-term ruling Christian Democrats to a rainbow group of Greens, Liberals, and Socialists.
    • 2007, Hooson, in a Letter to the Western Mail, 19 June 2007, published in Crossing the Rubicon: coalition politics Welsh style by John Osmond, page 28:
      [...] it seemed to me to be naive indeed for the Liberal Democrats to believe that they could simply enter into a rainbow alliance against the Labour Government.
    • 2008, Bidyut Chakrabarty, Indian politics and society since independence, page 76:
      Mayawati has succeeded in building a social coalition that inverts the pyramid of caste/class hierarchy by building a rainbow alliance of social groups, now dominated by that greatest underclass of all, namely Dalits.
  3. (attributive) LGBT.
    • 2005, Alan McKee, The public sphere: an introduction, page 167:
      Similarly, the question of who belongs in such a rainbow alliance isn't set. It can include gay men, lesbians, bisexuals and transgender individuals. It can include people who are 'questioning' which culture they belong to [...]
  4. (poker, chiefly of a flop) Composed entirely of different suits.

Usage notesEdit

In the United States, 'rainbow' groups/families/alliances/coalitions were originally those made up of several races or ethnicities. The term is now used more broadly, to refer (in the 2007 quotation, for example) to an alliance of several political parties.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

ReferencesEdit

VerbEdit

rainbow (third-person singular simple present rainbows, present participle rainbowing, simple past and past participle rainbowed)

  1. (transitive) To pattern with many colours, like a rainbow.