Last modified on 30 May 2014, at 23:15

sīks

See also: siks

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *sink-, from Proto-Indo-European *senk-, *sn̥k-, from *sek- (to drain, to dry up) with an extra infix -n-. The original meaning was probably “thin water layer, spray, drops,” whence “small, tiny.” Cognates include Lithuanian sìnkus, dialectal sinkùs (fine, thin (flour)).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

sīks (def. sīkais, comp. sīkāks, sup. vissīkākais; adv. sīki)

  1. (objects, areas) tiny, little, small (having very small size)
    sīks olissmall pebbles
    sīka poratiny pore
    sīkas skrūvestiny screws
    sīkas detaļassmall parts
    sīki vilnīšismall wavelets
    sīks rokrakstssmall, tiny handwriting
    sīki zemes gabalismall plots (lit. pieces of land)
    viņš sīkiem soļiem pārtipināja otrpus ielaswith small steps he crossed to the other side of the street
  2. (of thread-line objects) thin, delicate
    sīki tīmekļithin, delicate web threads
  3. (of money, coins) of small value
    sīka monētasmall coin
    sīka nauda, sīknauda small change (lit. small money)
    sīki izdevumismall expenses
  4. (of people, living beings, their parts) very small, very thin
    sīks puisēns, šunelis, kukainssmall boy, puppy, insect
    sīki pirkstitiny, thin fingers
    sīks zarssmall, thin branch
    sīkas saknessmall, thin roots
    sīkās dzērvenessmall cranberries (different species)
  5. fine, thin (composed of tiny parts, almost homogeneous)
    sīka migliņafine, thin mist
    sīks lietutiņšfine, thin rain, drizzle
    sīks sniedziņšfine, thin snow
  6. (of bodily processes) weak, difficult to perceive, detect
    sīks pulsstiny, weak pulse
    sīkas trīsastiny, weak trembling, spasms
  7. (of natural phenomena) weak (having low intensity, little effect)
    es klausos un jūtos kā lapa, kā dreboša apses lapa, kas trīso vissīkākā vējā — I listen and feel like a leaf, a trembling aspen leaf, trembling in the tiniest, weakest wind
  8. (of sounds) relatively quiet, short, and high-pitched
    tik sīkais troksnītis tagad šķiet pērkonam līdzīgs — such a tiny noise now sounds like thunder
    viņa sīkā, drebulīgā balstiņa izskanēja tik traģiski, ka Anna neviļus iesmējās — his tiny, trembling little voice sounded so tragic that Anna laughed involuntarily
  9. (of people, enterprises) humble, small, insignificant (who owns little; who has an unimportant work, an unimportant position in society)
    sīks tirgotājssmall, insignificant merchant
    sīks namīpašniekssmall landlord, house owner
    sīkais preču ražotājssmall, petty commodity producer
    sīks amatniecības uzņēmumssmall (handi)craft business
  10. (of activities, events) small (without significant consequencess; unimportant, insignificant, irrelevant)
    sīks strīds, nedarbssmall dispute, mischief
    sīks huligānismssmall, petty hooliganism
    sīks zādzībasmall, petty theft
    sīks ieganstssmall, petty pretext
    sīkās interesessmall, insignificant interests
    sīks melis, zaglispetty liar, thief
  11. (of people, their behavior) small, petty, selfish, narrow-minded
    sīki egoistipetty egoists
    sīka patmīļa, skaudībapetty selfishness, envy
  12. (of information, knowledge) detailed (including or reflecting all facts, information)
    sīka instrukcija, informācijadetailed instructions, information
    sīks aprēķins, pārskatsdetailed calculation, overview
    sīkāki pētījumimore detailed studies
    literārā darba sīka analīzedetailed analysis of a literary work

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “sīks” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.