EnglishEdit

Sill labeled with 1 (note: lintel = 2)

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English sille, selle, sülle, from Old English syll, syl (sill, threshold, foundation, base, basis), from Proto-Germanic *sulī (bar, sill), from Proto-Indo-European *sel-, *swel- (beam, board, frame, threshold). Cognate with Scots sil, sill (balk, beam, floor, sill), Dutch zul (sill), Low German Sull, Sülle (threshold, ramp, sill), Danish syld (base of a framework building), Swedish syll (joist, cross-tie), Norwegian syll, Icelandic syll, sylla (sill). Related also to German Schwelle ( > Danish svelle), Old Norse svill, Latin silva (wood, forest).

NounEdit

sill (plural sills)

  1. (also window sill) A horizontal slat which forms the base of a window.
    She looked out the window resting her elbows on the window sill.
  2. A horizontal, structural member of a building near ground level on a foundation or pilings or lying on the ground in earth-fast construction and bearing the upright portion of a frame. Also spelled cill. Also called a ground plate, groundsill, sole, sole-plate, mudsill. An interrupted sill fits between posts instead of being below and supporting the posts in timber framing.
  3. (geology) A horizontal layer of igneous rock between older rock beds.
  4. A piece of timber across the bottom of a canal lock for the gates to shut against.
Usage notesEdit

Usually spelled cill when used in the context of canal or river engineering.

Derived termsEdit
QuotationsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Compare sile.

NounEdit

sill (plural sills)

  1. (UK) A young herring.

Etymology 3Edit

Compare thill.

NounEdit

sill (plural sills)

  1. The shaft or thill of a carriage.

AnagramsEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sill c

  1. a herring

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Herring from the Atlantic on Sweden's west coast is called sill. The subspecies fished from the Baltic Sea on Sweden's east coast is called strömming.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Harris, Cyril M.. Illustrated dictionary of historic architecture. New York: Dover Publications, 1983, 1977. Groundsill ISBN 048624444X
Last modified on 3 April 2014, at 14:01