Old English sceaft, from Germanic Proto-Germanic . Cognate with Dutch *skaftaz schacht, German Schaft, Swedish skaft.
shaft ( plural ) shafts
( obsolete ) The entire body of a long weapon, such as an arrow.
His sleep, his meat, his drink, is him bereft,
That lean he wax, and dry as is a shaft. Ascham
shaft hath three principal parts, the stele, the feathers, and the head. The
long, narrow, central body of a spear, arrow, or javelin.
Her hand slipped off the javelin's shaft towards the spearpoint and that's why her score was lowered.
( by extension ) Anything cast or thrown as a spear or javelin.
And the thunder,
Winged with red lightning and impetuous rage,
Perhaps hath spent his shafts. V. Knox
Some kinds of literary pursuits
[… ] have been attacked with all the shafts of ridicule. Any long thin object, such as the
handle of a tool, one of the poles between which an animal is harnessed to a vehicle, the driveshaft of a motorized vehicle with rear-wheel drive, an axle, etc.
: 2013 July-August, Lee S. Langston, “ The Adaptable Gas Turbine”, American Scientist
Turbines have been around for a long time—windmills and water wheels are early examples. The name comes from the Latin turbo, meaning vortex, and thus the defining property of a turbine is that a fluid or gas turns the blades of a rotor, which is attached to a shaft that can perform useful work. A
beam or ray of light.
Isn't that shaft of light from that opening in the cave beautiful? The main
axis of a feather.
I had no idea that they removed the feathers' shafts to make the pillows softer!
( lacrosse ) The long narrow body of a lacrosse stick.
Sarah, if you wear gloves your hands might not slip on your shaft and you can up your game, girl! A
long, narrow passage sunk into the earth, either natural or for artificial
Your grandfather used to work with a crane hauling ore out of the gold mine's shafts. A
vertical passage housing a lift or elevator; a liftshaft.
Darn it, my keys fell through the gap and into the elevator shaft. A
ventilation or heating conduit; an air duct.
Our parrot flew into the air duct and got stuck in the shaft.
( architecture ) Any column or pillar, particularly the body of a column between its capital and pediment
Bid time and nature gently spare
The shaft we raise to thee. The main cylindrical part of the penis.
The female labia minora is homologous to the penis shaft skin of males. The
chamber of a blast furnace.
Usage notes Edit
In Early Modern English, the shaft refered to the entire body of a long weapon, such that an arrow's "shaft" was composed of its "
tip", " stale" or " steal", and " fletching". Palsgrave (c. 1530) glossed the French as "I j empenne fether a shafte, I put fethers upon a steale". Over time, the word came to be used in place of the former " stale" and lost its original meaning.
Derived terms Edit
to give someone the shaft
to get the shaft
long narrow body of spear or arrow
lacrosse: long narrow body of the stick
long narrow passage sunk into the earth
vertical passage housing a lift
ventilation or heating conduit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
shaft ( third-person singular simple present , shafts present participle , shafting simple past and past participle ) shafted
( transitive , slang ) To fuck over; to cause harm to, especially through deceit or treachery
Your boss really shafted you by stealing your idea like that.
( transitive ) to equip with a shaft
( transitive , slang ) To fuck; to have sexual intercourse with
Turns out my roommate was shafting my girlfriend.
slang: to engage in a malicious act
slang: to have sexual intercourse
Last modified on 29 January 2014, at 15:14