γλῶσσα

See also: γλώσσα

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Hellenic *glṓťťā; further etymology uncertain. Per Beekes, perhaps originally “provided with a point”, equivalent to γλῶχες (glôkhes, beard of corn) +‎ -ια (-ia), from Proto-Indo-European *glṓgʰs ~ *gʰl̥gʰós (point) (assuming cognacy with Proto-Slavic *glogъ (thorn, hawthorn), but the connection is disputed).[1] Alternatively, related to Proto-Germanic *tulgaz (tongue), a poetic word, from a different Proto-Indo-European root noun *dlṓgʰs ~ *dl̥gʰós; compare γλυκύς (glukús) for the phonetics.[2]

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

γλῶσσᾰ (glôssaf (genitive γλώσσης); first declension (Ionic)

  1. (anatomy) The tongue.
  2. A language.
  3. Anything shaped like the tongue:
    1. (music) The mouthpiece of a pipe.
    2. The tongue or thong of leather, shoe-latchet.
    3. The tongue of land.
    4. Ingot.
    5. (divination) The marking on the liver.

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “γλῶσσα”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 278
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*tulga-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 525

Further readingEdit