Ancient GreekEdit


Ancient Greek ordinal numbers
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    Cardinal : δύο ‎(dúo)
    Ordinal : δεύτερος ‎(deúteros)
    Adverbial : δίς ‎(dís)

Uncertain. Traditionally viewed as a δύο ‎(dúo, two) + -τερος ‎(-teros, comparative suffix), but possibly from Proto-Indo-European *dews-, the root of δεύομαι ‎(deúomai, to be inferior).




δεύτερος ‎(deúteros)

  1. (ordinal) second of two
    1. conjoined with εἷς ‎(heîs) or other numerals: another, a second
  2. (of things set in order) second, next, another
    1. (modifying a noun of time) after [+genitive = something], next
    2. (connected with ranking) next best [+ μετά (accusative) = after something or someone]
    3. (of quality) inferior
    4. less important, secondary [+genitive = than, to something or someone]
    5. δεύτερος οὐδενός ‎(deúteros oudenós): second to none


Derived termsEdit



  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, § 398.2
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill



δεύτερος ‎(défterosm ‎(feminine δεύτερη, neuter δεύτερο)

  1. (ordinal) second
    Ήρθε δεύτερος στο Μαραθώνιο.‎ ― Írthe défteros sto Marathónio. ― He came second in the marathon.
  2. inferior, seconds
    δεύτερης ποιότητας‎ ― défteris poiótitas ― inferior quality


Usage notesEdit
  • There are alternative learned forms:
    δευτέρου ‎(deftérou) (masculine and neuter, genitive singular)
    δευτέρα ‎(deftéra) (feminine, nominative, accusative and vocative singular)
    δευτέρας ‎(deftéras) (feminine, genitive singular)
    δευτέρων ‎(deftéron) (all genders, genitive plural)

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit