Ancient Greek

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Etymology

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Ancient Greek ordinal numbers
 <  αʹ βʹ γʹ  > 
    Cardinal : δύο (dúo)
    Ordinal : δεύτερος (deúteros)
    Adverbial : δίς (dís)

Uncertain. Traditionally viewed as a δύο (dúo, two) + -τερος (-teros, comparative suffix), but possibly from Proto-Indo-European *dews-, the root of δεύομαι (deúomai, to be inferior). Beekes cites a hypothesis by Cornelis Ruijgh that it is based on an adverbial stem *δευ (*deu) found also in δεῦτε (deûte), δεῦρο (deûro, come here!).

Pronunciation

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Numeral

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δεύτερος (deúteros)

  1. second of two
    1. conjoined with εἷς (heîs) or other numerals: another, a second
  2. (of things set in order) second, next, another
    1. (modifying a noun of time) after [+genitive = something], next
    2. (connected with ranking) next best [+ μετά (accusative) = after something or someone]
    3. (of quality) inferior
    4. less important, secondary [+genitive = than, to something or someone]
    5. δεύτερος οὐδενός (deúteros oudenós): second to none

Inflection

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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References

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Greek

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Etymology

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From Ancient Greek δεύτερος (deúteros).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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δεύτερος (défterosm (feminine δεύτερη or δευτέρα, neuter δεύτερο)

  1. second
    Ήρθε δεύτερος στο Μαραθώνιο.Írthe défteros sto Marathónio.He came second in the marathon.
  2. inferior, seconds
    δεύτερης ποιότηταςdéfteris poiótitasinferior quality

Declension

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See also

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