Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ancient Greek ordinal numbers
 <  αʹ βʹ γʹ  > 
    Cardinal : δύο (dúo)
    Ordinal : δεύτερος (deúteros)
    Adverbial : δίς (dís)

Uncertain. Traditionally viewed as a δύο (dúo, two) + -τερος (-teros, comparative suffix), but possibly from Proto-Indo-European *dews-, the root of δεύομαι (deúomai, to be inferior).

PronunciationEdit

 

NumeralEdit

δεύτερος (deúteros)

  1. (ordinal) second of two
    1. conjoined with εἷς (heîs) or other numerals: another, a second
  2. (of things set in order) second, next, another
    1. (modifying a noun of time) after [+genitive = something], next
    2. (connected with ranking) next best [+ μετά (accusative) = after something or someone]
    3. (of quality) inferior
    4. less important, secondary [+genitive = than, to something or someone]
    5. δεύτερος οὐδενός (deúteros oudenós): second to none

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


GreekEdit

AdjectiveEdit

δεύτερος (défterosm (feminine δεύτερη, neuter δεύτερο)

  1. (ordinal) second
    Ήρθε δεύτερος στο Μαραθώνιο.Írthe défteros sto Marathónio.He came second in the marathon.
  2. inferior, seconds
    δεύτερης ποιότηταςdéfteris poiótitasinferior quality

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit
  • There are alternative learned forms:
    δευτέρου (deftérou) (masculine and neuter, genitive singular)
    δευτέρα (deftéra) (feminine, nominative, accusative and vocative singular)
    δευτέρας (deftéras) (feminine, genitive singular)
    δευτέρων (deftéron) (all genders, genitive plural)

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit