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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ancient Greek ordinal numbers
 <  αʹ βʹ γʹ  > 
    Cardinal : δύο (dúo)
    Ordinal : δεύτερος (deúteros)
    Adverbial : δίς (dís)

Uncertain. Traditionally viewed as a δύο (dúo, two) + -τερος (-teros, comparative suffix), but possibly from Proto-Indo-European *dews-, the root of δεύομαι (deúomai, to be inferior).

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /deú̯.te.ros/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈdeʍ.tɛ.ros/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈðeɸ.te.ros/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈðef.te.ros/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈðef.te.ros/
  • NumeralEdit

    δεύτερος (deúteros)

    1. (ordinal) second of two
      1. conjoined with εἷς (heîs) or other numerals: another, a second
    2. (of things set in order) second, next, another
      1. (modifying a noun of time) after [+genitive = something], next
      2. (connected with ranking) next best [+ μετά (accusative) = after something or someone]
      3. (of quality) inferior
      4. less important, secondary [+genitive = than, to something or someone]
      5. δεύτερος οὐδενός (deúteros oudenós): second to none

    InflectionEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    GreekEdit

    AdjectiveEdit

    δεύτερος (défterosm (feminine δεύτερη or δευτέρα, neuter δεύτερο)

    1. second (ordinal numeral)
      Ήρθε δεύτερος στο Μαραθώνιο.Írthe défteros sto Marathónio.He came second in the marathon.
    2. inferior, seconds
      δεύτερης ποιότηταςdéfteris poiótitasinferior quality

    DeclensionEdit

    Usage notesEdit

    Related termsEdit

    See alsoEdit