δεύτερος

Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ancient Greek ordinal numbers
 <  αʹ βʹ γʹ  > 
    Cardinal : δύο ‎(dúo)
    Ordinal : δεύτερος ‎(deúteros)
    Adverbial : δίς ‎(dís)

Uncertain. Traditionally viewed as a δύο ‎(dúo, two) + -τερος ‎(-teros, comparative suffix), but possibly from Proto-Indo-European *dews-, the root of δεύομαι ‎(deúomai, to be inferior).

PronunciationEdit

 

NumeralEdit

δεύτερος ‎(deúteros)

  1. (ordinal) second of two
    1. conjoined with εἷς ‎(heîs) or other numerals: another, a second
  2. (of things set in order) second, next, another
    1. (modifying a noun of time) after [+genitive = something], next
    2. (connected with ranking) next best [+ μετά (accusative) = after something or someone]
    3. (of quality) inferior
    4. less important, secondary [+genitive = than, to something or someone]
    5. δεύτερος οὐδενός ‎(deúteros oudenós): second to none

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


GreekEdit

AdjectiveEdit

δεύτερος ‎(défterosm, feminine: δεύτερη (défteri), neuter: δεύτερο (déftero)

  1. (ordinal) second
    Ήρθε δεύτερος στο Μαραθώνιο.
    He came second in the marathon.
  2. inferior
    δεύτερης ποιότητας
    inferior quality

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit
  • There are alternative learned forms:
    δευτέρου ‎(deftérou) (masculine and neuter, genitive singular)
    δευτέρα ‎(deftéra) (feminine, nominative, accusative and vocative singular)
    δευτέρας ‎(deftéras) (feminine, genitive singular)
    δευτέρων ‎(deftéron) (all genders, genitive plural)

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

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