inferior

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin īnferior (lower in situation or place), comparative of īnferus (below, underneath).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

inferior (comparative more inferior, superlative most inferior)

  1. Lower in rank, status, or quality.
    Anna had always felt inferior to her brother due to poor school grades.
    The pathological liar was morally inferior to his much nicer constituents.
    1. Of low rank, standard or quality.
      an inferior officer
    2. (law) (of a court or tribunal) Susceptible to having its decisions overturned by a higher court.
    3. (economics) Denoting goods or services which are in greater demand during a recession than in a boom, for example second-hand clothes.
  2. Located below:
    1. (anatomy) Situated below another and especially another similar superior part of an upright body.
    2. (zoology) Situated in a relatively low posterior or ventral position in a quadrupedal body.
    3. (botany) Situated below some other organ; said of a calyx when free from the ovary, and therefore below it, or of an ovary with an adherent and therefore inferior calyx.
    4. (botany) On the side of a flower which is next to the bract.
      Synonym: anterior
    5. (typography) Printed in subscript.
      an inferior figure or letter
    6. (astronomy) Below the horizon.
      the inferior part of a meridian
  3. (astronomy) Nearer to the Sun than the Earth is.
    the inferior or interior planets; an inferior conjunction of Mercury or Venus

Usage notesEdit

Inferior and superior are generally followed by to; than is seen sometimes, but is viewed as wrong.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

NounEdit

inferior (plural inferiors)

  1. A person of lower rank, stature, or ability to another.
    As you are my inferior, I can tell you to do anything I want.
    Antonym: superior
  2. (printing) An inferior letter, figure, or symbol.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin īnferior.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

inferior (masculine and feminine plural inferiors)

  1. inferior
  2. lower

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin īnferior (lower, inferior), the comparative of īnferus (low, nether, underground).

AdjectiveEdit

inferior (not comparable)

  1. subordinate, secondary
  2. (of people) inferior
    sich inferior fühlento feel inferior
  3. substandard, bad

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

īnferior (neuter īnferius, positive īnferus); third declension

  1. comparative degree of īnferus, lower in situation or place:
    1. Subsequent, later, latter in time or succession.
    2. Inferior in quality, rank, or number.

InflectionEdit

Third-declension comparative adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative īnferior īnferius īnferiōrēs īnferiōra
Genitive īnferiōris īnferiōrum
Dative īnferiōrī īnferiōribus
Accusative īnferiōrem īnferius īnferiōrēs īnferiōra
Ablative īnferiōre īnferiōribus
Vocative īnferior īnferius īnferiōrēs īnferiōra

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • inferior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • inferior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • inferior in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • later writers: scriptores aetate posteriores or inferiores
    • to gain a weak case by clever pleading: causam inferiorem dicendo reddere superiorem (λόγον κρείττω ποιειν) (Brut. 8. 30)
    • to be defeated in fight, lose the battle: proelio vinci, superari, inferiorem, victum discedere
    • to come off victorious: superiorem (opp. inferiorem), victorem (proelio, pugna) discedere

OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin īnferior.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

inferior m (feminine singular inferiora, masculine plural inferiors, feminine plural inferioras)

  1. inferior
  2. lower

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin inferior.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

inferior m or f (plural inferiores, comparable)

  1. inferior
    Antonym: superior

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

inferior m or n (feminine singular inferioară, masculine plural inferiori, feminine and neuter plural inferioare)

  1. superior

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin inferior.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /infeˈɾjoɾ/, [ĩɱ.fe.ˈɾjoɾ]
  • Hyphenation: in‧fe‧rior

AdjectiveEdit

inferior (plural inferiores)

  1. inferior (of lower quality)
  2. inferior (of lower rank)
  3. inferior (below)

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit