θρόνος

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Often derived from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer- (to hold),[1][2] but this root presents a number of problems, such as the lack of the suffix *-onos in Proto-Indo-European, the lack of any words meaning "chair" from this root in any other Indo-European languages, and the lack of any definite Greek descendants from the root itself, [3] therefore rendering comparisons to θρᾶνος (thrânos, bench) and θρῆνυς (thrênus, footstool) improbable. Due to the suffix -όνος usually being a indicative of a Pre-Greek word (as in χρόνος (khrónos), Κρόνος (Krónos)), Beekes suggests that this could be the case for θρόνος (thrónos) as well.[4]

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

θρόνος (thrónosm (genitive θρόνου); second declension (Epic, Attic, Ionic, Aeolic, Koine)

  1. seat
  2. throne
    • 300 BCE – 200 BCE, Theocritus, Thalysia :
      τά που καὶ Ζηνὸς ἐπὶ θρόνον ἄγαγε φάμα
      tá pou kaì Zēnòs epì thrónon ágage pháma

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  1. ^ throne”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN.
  2. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021) , “throne”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  3. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 252f
  4. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) , “θρόνος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 558

GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek θρόνος.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈθronos/
  • Hyphenation: θρό‧νος

NounEdit

θρόνος (thrónosm (plural θρόνοι)

  1. throne
    Synonym: (literature) θρονί n (throní, throne or any seat)
    Coordinate term: καρέκλα f (karékla, chair)
    αυτοκρατορικός, πατριαρχικός, παπικός θρόνοςaftokratorikós, patriarchikós, papikós thrónosimperial, patriarchic, papal throne
  2. monarchy, the royal office
    ο θρόνος της Αγγλίαςo thrónos tis AnglíasEnglish monarchy (literally:throne).
    σφετεριστής του θρόνουsfeteristís tou thrónouusurperer of the throne
    ανάρρηση στο θρόνοanárrisi sto thrónothe proclamation to the throne
    χηρεύει ο θρόνοςchirévei o thrónosthe throne is vacant (literally: widowed)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Not related: