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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Μάγος (Mágos), from indeterminate Old Iranian language origin (see Μάγος for details).

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /má.ɡos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈma.ɡos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈma.ɣos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈma.ɣos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈma.ɣos/
  • AdjectiveEdit

    μάγος (mágosm, f (neuter μάγον); second declension

    1. magical

    DeclensionEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    NounEdit

    μάγος (mágosm (genitive μάγου); second declension

    1. (common, nonspecific) magician, and derogatorily sorcerer, trickster, conjurer, charlatan
    2. (common, specific) a Zoroastrian priest. Compare e.g. Herodotus Hist. 1.132f, Xenophon Cyropedia 8.3.11, Porphyry Life of Pythagoras 12, Heraclitus apud Clemens Protrepticus 12, etc.
    3. (hapax legomenon) name of one of the tribes of the Medes. This usage is only attested once; Herodotus Histories 1.101.
    Note 1: meanings #1 and #2 overlap in classical usage— both derive from the Greek (and generally Hellenistic) identification of "Zoroaster" as the "inventor" of astrology and magic. The first meaning ('magician') derives from the sense of "practitioner of the Zoroaster's craft", and the second meaning ('priest') from the sense of "practitioner of Zoroaster's religion".
    Note 2: meanings #2 and #3 were frequently conflated as one in 18th/19th/early 20th-century usage, giving "name of a Median priestly tribe" or similar. This combined meaning is no longer used in current scholarship.

    DeclensionEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    GreekEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    • IPA(key): /ˈma.ɣɔs/, [ˈmɐ.ɣo̞s̠]

    NounEdit

    μάγος (mágosm (plural μάγοι, feminine μάγισσα)

    1. magician
    2. wizard, sorcerer

    DeclensionEdit

    Related termsEdit