πῦρ

See also: πυρ

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *péh₂wr̥. Cognates include Old English fȳr (English fire), Old Armenian հուր (hur), Hittite 𒉺𒀪𒄯 (paḫḫur), Tocharian A por, and Tocharian B puwar. Compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀢𐀏𐀺 (pu-ka-wo /pur-kawos/, fire-kindler), Etruscan 𐌅𐌄𐌓𐌔𐌄 (verse).

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

πῦρ (pûrn (genitive πῠρός); third declension

  1. a fire
    1. a funerary fire
    2. a sacrificial fire
  2. lightning
  3. a fever

Usage notesEdit

Not used in plural, but there is a related second-declension plural noun πῠρᾰ́ (purá, watchfires); distinguish this from the first-declension noun πῠρᾱ́ (purā́, funeral pyre).

InflectionEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Greek: πυρ (pyr)
  • English: pyro-

Further readingEdit