This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Often considered to contain the suffix +‎ *-wr̥.


*péh₂wr̥ n[1]

  1. fire
  2. spelt[2][3]

Usage notesEdit

  • Two main terms for “fire” are reconstructible for Proto-Indo-European: *h₁n̥gʷnis and *péh₂wr̥. They are usually considered in semantic opposition. The first term is usually masculine and refers to fire as something animate and active (compare Agni, the most prominent Old Indic deity), whereas the second term is neuter and refers to fire as something inanimate and passive, i.e. as a substance.


Athematic, proterokinetic
singular collective
nominative *péh₂wr̥ *péh₂wōr
genitive *ph₂wéns *ph₂unés
singular dual plural collective
nominative *péh₂wr̥ *péh₂wōr
vocative *péh₂wr̥ *péh₂wōr
accusative *péh₂wr̥ *péh₂wōr
genitive *ph₂wéns *ph₂unés
ablative *ph₂wéns *ph₂unés
dative *ph₂wéney *ph₂unéy
locative *ph₂wén, *ph₂wéni *ph₂wén, *ph₂wéni
instrumental *ph₂wénh₁ *ph₂unéh₁




  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ Gamkrelidze, Th. V.; Ivanov, V. V. (1995) Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans. A Reconstruction and Historical Analysis of a Proto-Language and Proto-Culture. Part I: The Text (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 80), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pages 566–567 – he gives pʰūr-
  3. ^ Трубачёв, Олег Николаевич (a. 2002) Этногенез и культура древнейших славян (in Russian), Moscow: Наука, published 2003, →ISBN, pages 232–233 – he gives pūr-, but according to him it is the same word as the one for fire because spelt required drying by the fire.

Further readingEdit