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ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian հուր (hur).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

հուր (hur)

  1. (somewhat literary) fire
    Synonym: կրակ (krak)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *puh₂r-, from *péh₂wr̥.

The sense “pyramidal” is a semantic loan from Ancient Greek πυραμίς (puramís), which was mistakenly understood to be from πῦρ (pûr, fire)

NounEdit

հուր (hur)

  1. fire
    հուրն անշէջhurn anšēǰhell, hellfire
    շրջմոլիկ հուրšrǰmolik hurnight-fire, Will-o'-the-wisp, Jack-o'-lantern, ignis fatuus
    հուր արկանել, վառելhur arkanel, vaṙelto set on fire, to light, to kindle, to make a fire
    հուր հարկանել, արկանել, տալ, հրով/հուրբ դատելhur harkanel, arkanel, tal, hrov/hurb datelto set fire to, to burn, to set on fire, to inflame, etc.
    ի հուր եւ ի սուր սպառել, մաշել զամենայնi hur ew i sur spaṙel, mašel zamenaynto put every thing to fire and sword, to destroy by burning; to chastise with fire and sword, to punish severely
    ի հուր այրիլ, տոչորիլi hur ayril, točʿorilto be burnt, consumed by fire
    իւղ արկանել զհրովiwł arkanel zhrovto add fuel to the flames
    հուր առնուլhur aṙnulto catch or take fire, to fire or blaze up
    չառնուլ հուրčʿaṙnul hurto miss fire
    հուր վարեալ բորբոքէր ի Գաղղիաhur vareal borbokʿēr i Gałłiaall France was on fire, all in a blaze
    ի հո՛ւր, ի հո՛ւր, հուր հարաւ զտանէi húr, i húr, hur haraw ztanēfire! fire! the house is on fire!
    առ սէր քո տայր զինքն/մատնէր զանձն եւ ի հուրaṙ sēr kʿo tayr zinkʿn/matnēr zanjn ew i hurhe would go through fire and water for your sake
  2. (figuratively) fire, heat, spirit, ardour
  3. (figuratively) passion, love, flame
  4. (as an adjective) fiery, igneous
  5. (as an adjective) pyramidal

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “հուր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “հուր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 97
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 426
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian[1] (pdf), Zagreb, page 9
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “հուր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy