казна

See also: казня

MacedonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *kaznь.

NounEdit

казна (kaznaf

  1. punishment

InflectionEdit


RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from a Kypchak Turkic source, compare Kipchak qazna (treasury) (Codex Cumanicus, Ave, porta paradisi, verse 75), further origin uncertain but probably Iranian, possibly ultimately from Old Median *ganza- (treasure).

Directly attested since 1389 (treaty of Dmitry Donskoy with Vladimir the Bold) while its derivative казначе́й (kaznačéj) is used already in the last will of Ivan II of Moscow circa 1358.

Formally close cognates include Nogai казна (kazna), Kazakh қазына (qazına), Bashkir ҡаҙна (qaðna), Ossetian хъӕзна (qæzna), Chechen хазна (χazna, treasure, treasury), Serbo-Croatian ха̏зна (treasury; cash register), Bulgarian хазна (hazna, treasure; cash register), Romanian hazna (treasury; septic tank), Turkish hazne (treasury), Arabic خَزْنَة(ḵazna, [a] safe).

Also compare Ottoman Turkish خزینه(hazîne), Turkish and Crimean Tatar hazine, Tatar хәзинә (xäzinä, treasure, treasury), Persian خزینه(xazine), Arabic خَزِينَة(ḵazīna, treasury), Ancient Greek γάζα (gáza), Middle Persian [script needed] (ganǰ), Persian گنج(ganj, treasure), Sogdian [script needed] (γznyʼ /γaznyā/, treasury), Parthian 𐫃𐫉𐫗𐫁𐫡(gznbr /gaznβar/, treasurer).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [kɐzˈna]
  • (file)

NounEdit

казна́ (kaznáf inan (genitive казны́, nominative plural казны́, genitive plural *казн, related adjective казённый)

  1. treasury, exchequer
  2. fisc

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Khakas: хазна (xazna, state)
  • Southern Altai: казна (kazna)
  • Yakut: хааһына (xaahına)

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *kaznь

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kâzna/
  • Hyphenation: каз‧на

NounEdit

ка̏зна f (Latin spelling kȁzna)

  1. punishment
  2. penalty
  3. visitation (of God)

DeclensionEdit