раковина

BulgarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Formed from ра́ка (ráka, old-style casket, chest) (historical, outdated) +‎ -овина (-ovina). At least the secondary meaning cavity, flaw (if not the word itself) is borrowed from Russian ра́ковина (rákovina).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ра́ковина or ракови́на (rákovina or rakovínaf

  1. shell (exoskeleton of mollusca, typically snails, rapana, mussels)
    Synonym: черу́пка (čerúpka)
  2. (material science) blister, cavity, blowhole, flaw (formed during the solidification of a melted material, e.g. metal, concrete)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


RussianEdit

 
Russian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ru
 
раковина

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Old East Slavic раковина (rakovina, mother of pearl). Per Vasmer, from Proto-Slavic *orky (shell) (genitive *orkъve) + *-ina, from Proto-Germanic *arkō (chest, coffer), from Latin arca (chest, coffer, coffin). Cognate with ра́ка (ráka, shrine of a saint, originally coffin), from the same Latin source, and with Slovene rákəv (coffin, crypt), Czech rakev (coffin), rakvice (shell), Slovak rakev (box), Polabian rakåí (box).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈrakəvʲɪnə]
  • (file)

NounEdit

ра́ковина (rákovinaf inan (genitive ра́ковины, nominative plural ра́ковины, genitive plural ра́ковин, diminutive раку́шка or ра́кушка)

  1. shell (hard calcareous external covering of mollusks)
  2. (anatomy) pinna, auricle, helix (the external ear)
  3. sink, washbowl, basin, bowl
  4. vesicle
  5. bandstand
  6. (metallurgy) blister, cavity, bubble, flaw, blowhole

DeclensionEdit

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DescendantsEdit

  • Uzbek: rakovina