English edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /t͡ʃɛst/
  • (dialectal, obsolete) IPA(key): /t͡ʃɪst/[1]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛst

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English cheste, chiste, from Old English ċest, ċist (chest, casket; coffin; rush basket; box), from Proto-West Germanic *kistu (chest, box), from Latin cista (chest, box), from Ancient Greek κίστη (kístē, chest, box, basket, hamper), from Proto-Indo-European *kisteh₂ (woven container).

Germanic cognates include Scots kist (chest, box, trunk, coffer), West Frisian kiste (box, chest), Dutch kist (box, case, chest, coffin), German Kiste (box, crate, case, chest).

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

chest (plural chests)

  1. A box, now usually a large strong box with a secure convex lid.
    The clothes are kept in a chest.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], →OCLC:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, and a 'bead' could be drawn upon Molly, the dairymaid, kissing the fogger behind the hedge, [].
  2. (obsolete) A coffin.
  3. The place in which public money is kept; a treasury.
    You can take the money from the chest.
  4. A chest of drawers.
  5. (anatomy) The portion of the front of the human body from the base of the neck to the top of the abdomen; the thorax. Also the analogous area in other animals.
    She had a sudden pain in her chest.
  6. (euphemistic) A female human's breasts.
  7. A hit or blow made with one's chest.
    She scored with a chest into the goal.
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb edit

chest (third-person singular simple present chests, present participle chesting, simple past and past participle chested)

  1. To hit with one's chest (front of one's body)
    • 2011 January 23, Alistair Magowan, “Blackburn 2 - 0 West Brom”, in BBC[2]:
      Pedersen fed Kalinic in West Brom's defensive third and his chested lay-off was met on the burst by the Canadian who pelted by Tamas and smashed the ball into the top of Myhill's net.
  2. (transitive) To deposit in a chest.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To place in a coffin.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English chest, cheste, cheeste, cheaste, from Old English ċēast, ċēas (strife, quarrel, quarrelling, contention, murmuring, sedition, scandal; reproof). Related to Old Frisian kāse (strife, contention), Old Saxon caest (quarrel, dispute), Old High German kōsa (speech, story, account).

Noun edit

chest (plural chests)

  1. Debate; quarrel; strife; enmity.

References edit

  1. ^ Bingham, Caleb (1808), “Improprieties in Pronunciation, common among the people of New-England”, in The Child's Companion; Being a Conciſe Spelling-book [] [1], 12th edition, Boston: Manning & Loring, →OCLC, page 74.

Anagrams edit

Friulian edit

Etymology edit

From Vulgar Latin *eccum iste (see there for cognates), from Latin eccum (behold) + iste (that). Compare Ladin chest and Romansch quest.

Pronoun edit

chest m (f cheste, m pl chescj, f pl chestis)

  1. this

See also edit

Ladin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Vulgar Latin *eccum iste, from Latin eccum + iste. Compare Friulian chest, Romansch quest, Italian questo.

Adjective edit

chest m (feminine singular chesta, masculine plural chisc, feminine plural chestes)

  1. this
  2. (in the plural) these

Lombard edit

Alternative forms edit

  • cuest (formal variant)
  • quest (Western orthography)

Etymology edit

From Vulgar Latin *eccum iste, from Latin eccum (deictic) +‎ iste (that).

Pronunciation edit

Usage notes edit

When followed by a word starting with consonant, it's often pronounced without the ending /t/.

Determiner edit

chest m (feminine singular chesta, masculine plural chestj, feminine plural cheste)

  1. this

Pronoun edit

chest m (feminine singular chesta, masculine plural chestj, feminine plural cheste)

  1. this
  2. this one

Synonyms edit

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old English ċeast, ceas (quarrel, strife).

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

chest (plural chestes)

  1. fighting, strife, battle
  2. quarrelling, disputation
  3. (rare) turmoil, discord
Descendants edit
  • English: chest
References edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

chest

  1. Alternative form of geste (tale)

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

chest

  1. Alternative form of cheste (chest)

Old French edit

Adjective edit

chest m (oblique and nominative feminine singular cheste)

  1. Picardy form of cist

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

chest

  1. Aspirate mutation of cest.

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cest gest nghest chest
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.