From Middle English basyn, from Old French bacin, from Vulgar Latin *baccinum (“wide bowl”).
basin (plural basins)
- A wide bowl for washing, sometimes affixed to a wall.
- c. 1590–1592 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Taming of the Shrew”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene i]:
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981, John 13:5:
- After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded.
- 1766, T[obias] Smollett, “Letter V”, in Travels through France and Italy. […], volume (please specify |volume=I or II), London: […] R[oberts] Baldwin, […], OCLC 733048407:
- What then, you will say, must a man sit with his chops and fingers up to the ears and knuckles in grease? No; let those who cannot eat without defiling themselves, step into another room, provided with basons and towels: but I think it would be better to institute schools, where youth may learn to eat their victuals, without daubing themselves, or giving offence to the eyes of one another.
- 1923, Willa Cather, One of Ours, Book One, Chapter 1,
- Everybody had washed before going to bed, apparently, and the bowls were ringed with a dark sediment which the hard, alkaline water had not dissolved. Shutting the door on this disorder, he turned back to the kitchen, took Mahailey’s tin basin, doused his face and head in cold water, and began to plaster down his wet hair.
- Synonym: sink
- (obsolete) A shallow bowl used for a single serving of a drink or liquidy food.
- 1815 December (indicated as 1816), [Jane Austen], Emma: […], volume (please specify |volume=I, II or III), London: […] [Charles Roworth and James Moyes] for John Murray, OCLC 1708336:
- […] Mr. John Knightley, ashamed of his ill-humour, was now all kindness and attention; and so particularly solicitous for the comfort of her father, as to seem—if not quite ready to join him in a basin of gruel—perfectly sensible of its being exceedingly wholesome […]
- 1826, George Wood, The Subaltern Officer: A Narrative, London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green, Chapter 7, p. 109,
- They have a good basin of coffee or cocoa for breakfast […]
- 1838, Boz [pseudonym; Charles Dickens], Oliver Twist; or, The Parish Boy’s Progress. […], volume (please specify |volume=I, II, or III), London: Richard Bentley, […], OCLC 558204586:
- He rose from the table; and advancing to the master, basin and spoon in hand, said: somewhat alarmed at his own temerity: ¶ ‘Please, sir, I want some more.’
- 1893, Gilbert Parker, “The March of the White Guard,” in Tavistock Tales, New York: Tait Sons & Co., p. 27,
- Gaspé Toujours is drinking a basin of tea, and Jeff Hyde is fitfully dozing by the fire.
- 1915, Sarah Broom Macnaughtan, A Woman’s Diary of the War, New York: Dutton, 1916, Chapter 7, p. 99,
- A steaming basin of coffee or soup revived them greatly, and even having to decide which of these refreshments they would have, and helping themselves to bread, pulled them together a little.
- A depression, natural or artificial, containing water.
- 1876, Mark Twain [pseudonym; Samuel Langhorne Clemens], chapter 31, in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Hartford, Conn.: The American Publishing Company, OCLC 1000326417:
- This shortly brought them to a bewitching spring, whose basin was incrusted with a frostwork of glittering crystals […]
- 1891, Frederic Farrar, Darkness at Dawn, Chapter 6,
- The fountains were plashing musically into marble and alabaster basins.
- 1926, D. H. Lawrence, The Plumed Serpent, Chapter 2,
- There was a stone basin of clear but motionless water, and the heavy reddish-and-yellow arches went round the courtyard with warrior-like fatality, their bases in dark shadow.
- (geography) An area of land from which water drains into a common outlet; drainage basin.
- 2012 January 1, Douglas Larson, “Runaway Devils Lake”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 1, page 46:
- Devils Lake is where I began my career as a limnologist in 1964, studying the lake’s neotenic salamanders and chironomids, or midge flies. […] The Devils Lake Basin is an endorheic, or closed, basin covering about 9,800 square kilometers in northeastern North Dakota.
- (geography) A rock formation scooped out by water erosion.
wide bowl for washing
shallow bowl for a single serving
depression containing water
area of land that drains into a common outlet
rock formation scooped out by water erosion
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
- basin on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Basin in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)
- basin in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- basin in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911
basin (third-person singular simple present basins, present participle (US) basining or basinning, simple past and past participle (US) basined or basinned)
- To create a concavity or depression in.
- 1925 June, Reginald A. Daly, “The Geology of Ascension Island”, in Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, volume 60, number 1:
- Then axial subsidence basined the surface of the dome.
- 2003, The Numismatist - Volume 116, Issues 7-12, page 21:
- Basining is the process that gives the faces of the dies their radius, or concavity. Depending on the production method, the planchet metal flows either toward or away from the center of the dies. The minting facilities "basined" the dies after they were delivered from the Philadelphia Mint's Engraving Department.
- 2005, David W. Lange, The Complete Guide to Lincoln Cents, page 8:
- Of course, this is exactly what did happen—the antiquated practice of basining the dies was cast aside for the Lincoln Cent.
- 2013, Johannes Herman Frederik Umbgrove, Symphony of the Earth, page 47:
- Scandinavia was basined under the load of the last or so-called Würm ice-cap.
- To serve as or become a basin.
- 1976, Günther Kunkel, Monographiae Biologicae - Volume 30, page 77:
- To what degree this stress field formed in response to eastward movement of the African plate, to northward movement of the African plate relative to Europe, to basinning of the shelf between the eastern Canaries and Africa, or to other causes is as yet unknown.
- 1992, John H. Bush, W. Patrick Seward, Geologic field guide to the Columbia River, page 9:
- The eastward pinching and thinning were caused by the rapid basining of the plateau over the Pasco-Richland area in south-central Washington.
- 2009, Richard K. Talbot, Lane D. Richens, Shifting Sands: The Archaeology of Sand Hollow, page 90:
- Walls basined at a ca. 45° angle on the southwest side, but on the west and north there was little basining, with the floor sloping gently up to the original ground surface.
- 2012, E. Hansen, Strain Facies, page 133:
- Deformation of the rocks involved in anticline formation increased as deformation of the rocks involved in basining decreased, and the less intense structures of the norfold facies developed in both regions.
- To shelter or enclose in a basin.
- 1888, Henry Stuart Russell, The Genesis of Queensland:
- A moan as of distant wind or thunder portended something at hand, the approach of which, basinned as we were among high broken ridges, patchy-scrubbed heights, and penned in by a maze of steep-sided gullies or gorges — we had no chance of observing, until it cam down in hurricane strength.
- 1920, Bulletin of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, page 16:
- A row of trees was basined in the latter part of April, and by the latter part of July, a little over three months, there was a remarkable improvement in the appearance of the basined row compared with the check trees.
- 1957, Quest - Volumes 13-19, page 28:
- Caesar's subjects bathed in Caesar's blood basinned in the purple pool of Calpurnia's dream; my sister slept in an ogre's thought and woke up on the hook of a cannibal finger.
- 2007, The Legal Studies Forum - Volume 31, page 1103:
- They took a narrow path through the snow, up the hill which basined the village, and on to a plateau, a stretch of sparsely treed land.
- 2012, Charles King, An Apache Princess: A Tale of the Indian Frontier, page 173:
- Well back under this natural shelter, basined in the hollowed rock, a blessed pool of fair water lay unwrinkled by even a flutter of breeze.
From Old French bombasin, ultimately from Medieval Latin bombyx, bambax, from Ancient Greek πάμβαξ (pámbax, “cotton”).
basin m (plural basins)
- “basin”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
- Alternative form of basyn
basin n (plural basinuri)
- Obsolete form of bazin.
Declension of basin
|indefinite articulation||definite articulation||indefinite articulation||definite articulation|
|nominative/accusative||(un) basin||basinul||(niște) basinuri||basinurile|
|genitive/dative||(unui) basin||basinului||(unor) basinuri||basinurilor|
basin (nominative plural basins)