стужа

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Church Slavonic студъ (studŭ, cold), from Proto-Slavic *studenъ (cold), from *studъ (cold, shame) and thus cognate with стыд (styd, shame). Compare Polish ostuda, Bulgarian студ (stud).

Vasmer links the PIE root with Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewd- which, that being true, would expand the list of cognates to the likes of Sanskrit तुदति (tudati, to vex, to bother), Sanskrit तोद (toda, instigator, propeller), Latin tundo (I beat, I crush), Ancient Greek Τῡδεύς (Tūdeús, Tydeus), German stoßen and English stot.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

сту́жа (stúžaf inan (genitive сту́жи, nominative plural сту́жи, genitive plural стуж)

  1. severe cold, hard frost

DeclensionEdit