- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /kəʊld/, [kʰɔʊ(ɫ)d], [kʰɒʊ(ɫ)d]
Audio (RP) (file) Audio (London) (file)
- (General American) enPR: kold, IPA(key): /koʊld/
Audio (GA) (file)
- (New Zealand) IPA(key): /kaʉld/, [kʰɒʊ(ɫ)d]
- Homophone: coaled
- Rhymes: -əʊld
From Middle English cold, from Old English, specifically Anglian cald. The West Saxon form, ċeald (“cold”), survived as early Middle English cheald, cheld, or chald. Both descended from Proto-West Germanic *kald, from Proto-Germanic *kaldaz, a participle form of *kalaną (“to be cold”), from Proto-Indo-European *gel- (“cold”).
cold (comparative colder, superlative coldest)
- (of a thing) Having a low temperature.
- A cold wind whistled through the trees.
- 1843 December 19, Charles Dickens, “Stave Four. The Last of the Spirits.”, in A Christmas Carol. In Prose. Being a Ghost Story of Christmas, London: Chapman & Hall, […], →OCLC, page 137:
- Oh cold, cold, rigid, dreadful Death, set up thine altar here, and dress it with such terrors as thou hast at thy command: for this is thy dominion!
- 1960, P[elham] G[renville] Wodehouse, chapter V, in Jeeves in the Offing, London: Herbert Jenkins, →OCLC:
- I had always supposed that playboys didn't give a hoot for anything except blondes and cold bottles.
- (of the weather) Causing the air to be cold.
- The forecast is that it will be very cold today.
- (of a person or animal) Feeling the sensation of coldness, especially to the point of discomfort.
- She was so cold she was shivering.
- Unfriendly; emotionally distant or unfeeling.
- She shot me a cold glance before turning her back.
- 1960, P[elham] G[renville] Wodehouse, chapter VII, in Jeeves in the Offing, London: Herbert Jenkins, →OCLC:
- "Suppose someone pops in?" "Don't be silly. Mrs Cream is working on her book. Phyllis is in her room, typing Upjohn's speech. Wilbert's gone for a walk. Upjohn isn't here. The only character who could pop in would be the Brinkley Court ghost. If it does, give it a cold look and walk through it. That'll teach it not to come butting in where it isn't wanted, ha ha."
- 2011 April 23, The Impossible Astronaut (Doctor Who), season series 6, episode 1:
- River Song: (upon seeing the still-living Doctor, moments after he made her and two other friends watch what they thought was his death) This is cold. Even by your standards, this is cold.
- 2015, Jocelyn Samara D., Rain, volume 3, page 237:
- "At the risk of sounding cold though, I'm glad he's gone. His abandonment left me in Aunt Fara's custody, and that's honestly the best thing he's ever done for me."
- Dispassionate; not prejudiced or partisan; impartial.
- Let's look at this tomorrow with a cold head.
- He's a nice guy, but the cold facts say we should fire him.
- The cold truth is that states rarely undertake military action unless their national interests are at stake.
- Completely unprepared; without introduction.
- He was assigned cold calls for the first three months.
- 2019, Kelly D. Harrison, Air Force Cop: An Autobiography (page 100)
- The one thing considered the brass ring in selling insurance was making a sale on a cold canvass. Cold canvassing was the most dreaded exercise for most insurance salesmen.
- Unconscious or deeply asleep; deprived of the metaphorical heat associated with life or consciousness.
- I knocked him out cold.
- After one more beer he passed out cold.
- (usually with "have" or "know" transitively) Perfectly, exactly, completely; by heart; down pat.
- Practice your music scales until you know them cold.
- Try both these maneuvers until you have them cold and can do them in the dark without thinking.
- Rehearse your lines until you have them down cold.
- Keep that list in front of you, or memorize it cold.
- (usually with "have" transitively) Cornered; done for.
- With that receipt, we have them cold for fraud.
- Criminal interrogation. Initially they will dream up explanations faster than you could ever do so, but when they become fatigued, often they will acknowledge that you have them cold.
- 1960, P[elham] G[renville] Wodehouse, chapter XIX, in Jeeves in the Offing, London: Herbert Jenkins, →OCLC:
- "Either Upjohn agrees to drop that libel suit or he doesn't get these notes, as he calls them, and without them he won't be able to utter a word. He'll have to come across with the price of the papers. Won't he, Jeeves?"
"He would appear to have no alternative, miss."
"Unless he wants to get up on that platform and stand there opening and shutting his mouth like a goldfish. We've got him cold."
- (obsolete) Not pungent or acrid.
- 1631, Francis [Bacon], “(please specify |century=I to X)”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. […], 3rd edition, London: […] William Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee […], →OCLC:
- cold plants
- (obsolete) Unexciting; dull; uninteresting.
- 1641, Ben Jonson, Discoveries Made upon Men and Matter
- What a deal of cold business doth a man misspend the better part of life in!
- 1705, J[oseph] Addison, Remarks on Several Parts of Italy, &c. in the Years 1701, 1702, 1703, London: […] Jacob Tonson, […], →OCLC:
- The jest grows cold […] when it comes on in a second scene.
- 1641, Ben Jonson, Discoveries Made upon Men and Matter
- Affecting the sense of smell (as of hunting dogs) only feebly; having lost its odour.
- a cold scent
- (obsolete) Not sensitive; not acute.
- c. 1610–1611 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Winters Tale”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act II, scene i]:
- Smell this business with a sense as cold / As is a dead man's nose.
- Distant; said, in the game of hunting for some object, of a seeker remote from the thing concealed. Compare warm and hot.
- You're cold … getting warmer … hot! You've found it!
- (painting) Having a bluish effect; not warm in colour.
- (databases) Rarely used or accessed, and thus able to be relegated to slower storage.
- (informal) Without compassion; heartless; ruthless.
- I can't believe she said that...that was cold!
- (informal) Not radioactive. [from the 20thc.]
- 1953, Philip K. Dick, “Planet for Transients”, in Fantastic Universe magazine, number Oct-Nov 1953, page 64:
- "That's right," Jackson said. "The Old Man will be pleased to welcome you." There was eagerness in his reedy voice. "What do you say? We'll take care of you. Feed you, bring you cold plants and animals. For a week maybe?"
- (firearms) Not loaded with a round of live ammunition.
- Without electrical power being supplied.
- Synonym: dead
- 1956, Philco Corporation, Handbook of Test Methods and Practices (page 3-3)
- Therefore, to avoid unnecessary delay in the trouble-shooting procedure, it is good practice to make a resistance check on a "cold" circuit (before applying power), to determine whether resistance values are normal.
- (of a thing, having a low temperature): chilled, chilly, freezing, frigid, glacial, icy, cool
- (of the weather): (UK, slang) brass monkeys, nippy, parky, taters
- (of a person or animal):
- (unfriendly): aloof, distant, hostile, standoffish, unfriendly, unwelcoming
- (unprepared): unprepared, unready
- See also Thesaurus:cold
- (having a low temperature): baking, boiling, heated, hot, scorching, searing, torrid, warm
- (of the weather): hot (See the corresponding synonyms of hot.)
- (of a person or animal): hot (See the corresponding synonyms of hot.)
- (unfriendly): amiable, friendly, welcoming
- (unprepared): prepared, primed, ready
- (not radioactive): hot, radioactive
- a cold day in July
- blow hot and cold
- bright lights and cold steel (cold steel and bright lights)
- bring someone out in a cold sweat
- bust ass cold
- cold abscess
- cold agglutinin disease
- cold antibody
- cold as a mackerel
- cold as a wagon tire
- cold as a well-digger's arse
- cold as a witch's kiss
- cold as a witch's tit (cold as a witch's teat, cold as a witch's tit in a brass bra)
- cold as balls
- cold as charity
- cold as death
- cold as ice
- cold as the grave
- Cold Ash
- Cold Ashton
- cold blood
- cold boot
- cold boot attack
- cold brew coffee (cold brew)
- cold call
- cold case
- cold cash
- cold cathode (cold-cathode)
- cold chain
- cold chills
- cold chips
- cold chisel
- Cold Christmas
- cold cock (cold-cock)
- cold comfort
- cold cook
- cold cream
- cold cuts (cold-cuts, cold cut)
- cold dark matter
- cold day in Hell
- cold deck
- cold drop
- cold email
- cold enough to freeze the balls off a brass monkey
- cold feet
- cold finger
- cold fire
- cold fish
- cold forming
- cold frame
- cold front
- cold fusion
- cold hands, warm heart
- cold hard cash
- cold launch
- cold meat
- cold meat box
- cold meat cart
- cold meat train
- Cold Meece
- cold moon
- cold one
- cold open
- cold pack
- cold patch
- cold pig
- cold rain process
- cold read
- cold reading
- cold roll
- cold rubber
- cold sell
- cold short (cold-short)
- cold shoulder
- cold shoulder sleeve
- cold shower
- cold shut (cold-shut)
- cold sleeper
- cold smoking
- cold snap
- cold spell
- cold spot
- cold start
- cold steel (cold iron)
- cold storage
- cold store
- cold sweat
- cold tap
- cold transfer
- cold trap, coldtrap
- cold treatment
- cold trot
- cold turkey
- cold ulcer
- cold wallet
- cold war
- Cold Warrior (cold warrior)
- cold wave
- cold weapon
- cold weld
- cold without
- cold work
- cold working, coldworking
- cold, hard ground
- cold-avoidant (cold avoidant)
- cold-back (cold back)
- coldsleep (cold sleep)
- Coldspring, Cold Spring
- coldwater flat (cold-water flat, cold water flat)
- Coniston Cold
- freezing cold
- from my cold, dead hands
- get cold feet
- give someone the cold shoulder
- go down like a cup of cold sick
- grow cold
- hot and cold
- ice-cold (ice cold)
- in cold blood
- in the cold light of day
- is your head cold
- leave someone cold
- make someone's blood run cold (make the blood run cold, one's blood runs cold)
- pole of cold
- revenge is a dish best served cold
- run hot and cold
- stone-cold fox
- stone-cold (stone cold, stonecold)
- throw cold water on (pour cold water on)
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
From Middle English cold, colde, from Old English cald, ċeald (“cold, coldness”), from Proto-West Germanic *kald, from Proto-Germanic *kaldą (“coldness”), from Proto-Indo-European *gel- (“cold”).
cold (plural colds)
- A condition of low temperature.
- Come in, out of the cold.
- (with 'the', figurative) A harsh place; a place of abandonment.
- The former politician was left out in the cold after his friends deserted him.
- (medicine) A common, usually harmless, viral illness, usually with congestion of the nasal passages and sometimes fever.
- I caught a miserable cold and had to stay home for a week
- (slang) rheum, sleepy dust
- 1994, Notorious B.I.G., Warning
- Who the fuck is this, pagin' me at 5:46 in the morning? / crack of dawn and now I'm yawnin' / wipe the cold out my eye, see who's this pagin' me and why
- 1996, Ghostface Killah, All That I Got Is You
- But I remember this, moms would lick her finger tips / to wipe the cold out my eye before school with her spit
- 1994, Notorious B.I.G., Warning
- (low temperature): coldness
- (illness): common cold, coryza, head cold, pose
From Middle English colde, from Old English calde, ċealde (“coldly”), from the adjective (see above).
cold (comparative more cold, superlative most cold)
- At a low temperature.
- The steel was processed cold.
- Without preparation.
- The speaker went in cold and floundered for a topic.
- 2008, Geddeth Smith, Walter Hampden: Dean of the American Theatre (page 104)
- Two weeks after it closed, he started rehearsals for Cheer Up, a new play by Mary Roberts Rinehart booked into the Harris Theatre. It was to open cold without any out-of-town tryout under the direction of a young Cecil B. DeMille […]
- (slang, informal, dated) In a cold, frank, or realistically honest manner.
- 1986, Run-DMC, Peter Piper.
- Now Little Bo Peep cold lost her sheep / And Rip van Winkle fell the hell asleep
- 1986, Run-DMC, Peter Piper.
- ^ “cold”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, launched 2000.
From Old English cald, an Anglian form of ċeald.
cold (plural and weak singular colde, comparative colder, superlative *coldest)
- (temperature) cold, cool
- (weather) cold, cool
- (locations) having a tendency to be cold
- cold-feeling, cold when touched, cooled, chilly
- lifeless, having the pallor of death
- cold-hearted, indifferent, insensitive
- distressed, sorrowful, worried
- (alchemy, medicine) Considered to be alchemically cold
- “cōld, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-03-26.
- cold, coldness
- The feeling of coldness or chill
- Lack of feelings or emotion
- (alchemy, medicine) Alchemical coldness
- “cōld, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-03-26.