From Proto-Italic *tundō, nasal infix present from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewd-[1], from *(s)tew- (to push, hit). Cognate with Old Irish do·tuit (falls, crumbles), Dutch stoten, German stoßen, English stot, Albanian shtyj (to push).



tundō (present infinitive tundere, perfect active tutudī, supine tūnsum); third conjugation

  1. I beat, strike, buffet.
  2. I pound, bruise, crush, pulp, bray (as in a mortar).
    • c. 37 BCE – 30 BCE, Virgil, Georgicon 4.267:
      proderit et tunsum gallae admiscere saporem []
      It's good too to blend a taste of pounded oak-apples []
  3. I keep on at, assail.


   Conjugation of tundō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present tundō tundis tundit tundimus tunditis tundunt
imperfect tundēbam tundēbās tundēbat tundēbāmus tundēbātis tundēbant
future tundam tundēs tundet tundēmus tundētis tundent
perfect tutudī tutudistī tutudit tutudimus tutudistis tutudērunt, tutudēre
pluperfect tutuderam tutuderās tutuderat tutuderāmus tutuderātis tutuderant
future perfect tutuderō tutuderis tutuderit tutuderimus tutuderitis tutuderint
passive present tundor tunderis, tundere tunditur tundimur tundiminī tunduntur
imperfect tundēbar tundēbāris, tundēbāre tundēbātur tundēbāmur tundēbāminī tundēbantur
future tundar tundēris, tundēre tundētur tundēmur tundēminī tundentur
perfect tūnsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect tūnsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect tūnsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present tundam tundās tundat tundāmus tundātis tundant
imperfect tunderem tunderēs tunderet tunderēmus tunderētis tunderent
perfect tutuderim tutuderīs tutuderit tutuderīmus tutuderītis tutuderint
pluperfect tutudissem tutudissēs tutudisset tutudissēmus tutudissētis tutudissent
passive present tundar tundāris, tundāre tundātur tundāmur tundāminī tundantur
imperfect tunderer tunderēris, tunderēre tunderētur tunderēmur tunderēminī tunderentur
perfect tūnsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect tūnsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present tunde tundite
future tunditō tunditō tunditōte tunduntō
passive present tundere tundiminī
future tunditor tunditor tunduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives tundere tutudisse tūnsūrum esse tundī tūnsum esse tūnsum īrī
participles tundēns tūnsūrus tūnsus tundendus, tundundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
tundendī tundendō tundendum tundendō tūnsum tūnsū

Derived termsEdit


  • Portuguese: tosar
  • Spanish: tundir


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill

Further readingEdit




  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of tundir.