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See also: Զատիկ

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ArmenianEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian զատիկ (zatik). For the development of the sense of “ladybug” in dialects, compare the name of that insect in various languages: Russian божья коровка (božʹja korovka, literally God's cow), Lithuanian dievo karvytė (literally God's cow), Romanian vaca domnului (literally God's cow), German Marienkäfer (literally Mary’s beetle), English ladybug (literally Lady's (Mary's) bug).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

զատիկ (zatik)

  1. (Judaism, often capitalized) Passover
  2. (Christianity, often capitalized) Easter
    զատկի ձուzatki juEaster egg
  3. (by extension) holiday, feast

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

զատիկ (zatik)

  1. ladybird, ladybug

DeclensionEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

According to Martirosyan, who develops J̌ahukyan's etymology, the word originally meant “sacrificial animal (particularly cow or heifer) devoted to/representing the Goddess Anahit; spring festival of the cow sacrifice” and is derived from զատանեմ (zatanem, to separate) +‎ -իկ (-ik).

Alternatively, according to Hovhannisyan, զատիկ (zatik, sacrifice) is an Iranian borrowing, ultimately from Proto-Iranian *ǰati-ka-; compare Middle Persian ztn' (zadan, to hit, beat, strike, smite), the present stem zn- (zan-) of which is seen in Old Armenian զենում (zenum, to slaughter an animal, to sacrifice).

NounEdit

զատիկ (zatik)

  1. victim, sacrifice
  2. (Judaism) Passover
    զատիկ հրէիցzatik hrēicʿthe Passover
    գառն զատկիgaṙn zatkipaschal lamb
  3. (Christianity, sometimes capitalized) Easter
    խթումն զատկիxtʿumn zatkiEaster Eve
  4. (by extension) holiday, feast

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “զատիկ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “զատիկ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “զատիկ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1991), “Stugabanutʿyunner [Etymologies]”, in Patma-banasirakan handes [Historical-Philological Journal]‎[1] (in Armenian), issue 2, pages 38–39
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “zatik”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 273–274