See also: pass over

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Etymology edit

Deverbal from pass over. Coined by William Tyndale (c. 1494–1536), the first translator of the Bible into modern English, as a calque of Hebrewפֶּסַח(pésach).

Proper noun edit

Passover (plural Passovers)

  1. The seven-day (Reform Judaism) or eight-day (Orthodox and Conservative Judaism) Jewish festival of Pesach, commemorating the biblical story of the Exodus, during which the first-born sons of the Israelites were passed over while those of the Egyptians were killed.
  2. The one-day Biblical feast or festival (not a holy day) that begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month (Nisan 14), which is then immediately followed by the seven-day Feast of Unleavened Bread (Nisan 15 to 21; the first and seventh days are holy days or annual Sabbaths).
    • Leviticus 23:5–6 (New American Standard Bible)
      5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight is the Lord's Passover. 6 Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. 8 But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.

Synonyms edit

(the multi-day feast or festival):

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