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ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian զուր (zur); see there for more.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

զուր (zur)

  1. futile, vain (for no reason)
    զուր անց կենալ՝ անցնել՝ գնալzur ancʿ kenal, ancʿnel, gnalfruitlessly, vainly
    զուր հույսերzur huyserfutile hopes
    զուր տեղըzur tełəin vain (for no reason, to no purpose)
  2. fruitless, to no avail
  3. (figuratively) for free, gratuitous
  4. unfounded, unsubstantiated, baseless
  5. inconsequential, inconsequent

DeclensionEdit

AdverbEdit

զուր (zur)

  1. in vain, for nothing, vainly, to no purpose, to no avail

Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Parthian zʿwr, zwr (zūr, deceit, falsehood; deceitful, false; vain, in vain). Compare Middle Persian [script needed] (zʿwr /zūr/), Persian زور(zūr), Avestan 𐬰𐬎𐬭𐬀(zura); these are cognate with Sanskrit ह्वार (hvāra, going crookedly) and Old Church Slavonic зълъ (zŭlŭ, bad).

AdjectiveEdit

զուր (zurindeclinable

  1. vain, useless, futile, trifling, frivolous
    ի զուր, ընդ զուր, զուր ուրեմնi zur, ənd zur, zur uremnvainly, in vain, uselessly, invalidly, unjustly
    ի զուր ճգնելi zur čgnelto labour in vain
    զուր ստրջանքzur strǰankʿunavailing regrets
    զուր ջան, անօգուտ վաստակzur ǰan, anōgut vastaklabour lost

AdverbEdit

զուր (zur)

  1. vainly, in vain, to no purpose, uselessly, invalidly, unjustly
    զուր խօսել (զումեքէ)zur xōsel (zumekʿē)to calumniate, to impute, to accuse

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: զուր (zur)

ReferencesEdit

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “զուր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “զուր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “զուր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Perixanjan, A. G. (1993) Materialy k etimologičeskomu slovarju drevnearmjanskovo jazyka. Častʹ I [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language. Part 1] (in Russian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 47