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ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian խրամ (xram).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

խրամ (xram)

  1. (military, historical) moat
    Synonym: խանդակ (xandak)
  2. (military) trench, entrenchment
    Synonym: խրամատ (xramat)
  3. breach, rupture, rent opened on a wall
  4. (dialectal, Ararat) a precipitous road down a cliff

DeclensionEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably a Georgian-Zan borrowing: compare Laz ღორმა (ɣorma, hole, aperture), Georgian ღრმა (ɣrma, deep). Kartvelian ɣ is substituted by Old Armenian խ (x).[1]

NounEdit

խրամ (xram)

  1. (military) moat, trench, ditch; mine or sap
    խրամ հատանելxram hatanelto cut a trench
  2. (military) breach, rupture, rent on a wall, fortification
    խրամ հատանելxram hatanelto make a gap; to open a breach
  3. (figuratively) division, separation
    յորդիս իմ եղեւ խրամyordis im ełew xramthere was a gap among my sons

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Djahukian, Gevorg (2003), “Notes on Some Lexical Correspondences between Armenian and the Kartvelian Languages”, in Iran and the Caucasus[1], volume 7, issue 1/2, page 193 of 191–194

Further readingEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “խրամ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “խրամ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “խրամ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy