Yiddish

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Etymology

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Variant of ־דיק (-dik), formed by ־עוו (-ev) +‎ ־דיק (-dik). ־עוו (-ev) probably ultimately from Proto-Slavic *-ovъ.[1] Compare Belarusian -авы (-avy), Polish -owy, Russian -овый (-ovyj), and Ukrainian -овий (-ovyj).

Pronunciation

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Suffix

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־עוודיק (-evdik)

  1. -ish; -y (forms adjectives from nouns or verbs)
    חן (kheyn, grace, charm) + ‎־עוודיק (-evdik) → ‎חנעוודיק (kheynevdik, graceful, charming)
    באַמערקן (bamerkn, to notice) + ‎־עוודיק (-evdik) → ‎באַמערקעוודיק (bamerkevdik, noteworthy)
  2. -able
    Synonym: ־באַר (-bar)
    ירשענען (yarshenen, to inherit) + ‎־עוודיק (-evdik) → ‎ירשעוודיק (yarshevdik, inheritable)
    שמירן (shmirn, to smear, spread) + ‎־עוודיק (-evdik) → ‎שמירעוודיק (shmirevdik, smearable, spreadable)

Usage notes

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  • With bases of Hebrew origin, it occurs with monosyllabic stems or stems with final -e.

Derived terms

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See also

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See also

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  • Uriel Weinreich (1977) “־עוודיק”, in Modern English-Yiddish, Yiddish-English Dictionary, New York: Schocken Books, page 512

References

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  1. ^ * Bunis, David M. (2020 December 1) “Adjectives of Hebrew and Aramaic Origin in Judezmo and Yiddish”, in Journal of Jewish Languages, volume 8, numbers -1-2, Brill, →DOI, →ISSN, pages 200, 221