HebrewEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Root
ב־ן

From Proto-Semitic *bin-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

בֵּן (bénm (plural indefinite בָּנִים‎, singular construct בֶּן־, plural construct בְּנֵי־‎, feminine counterpart בַּת‎)

  1. A son.
  2. (no longer productive) A direct male descendant.
    בן אדם‎ ― bén-adáma human [literally a son of Adam]
    בן ישראל‎ ― bén-yisraélan Israelite [literally a son of Israel]
  3. A guy, a boy.
  4. (no longer productive, construct state) Possessor of (knowledge, ability, etc.)
    בן דעת‎ ― bén dá'atsomeone legally competent
    בן תורה‎ ― bén torásomeone devoted to the Torah
  5. (construct state) Used in expressing the age of a man, a boy, or the referent of a masculine noun: age, aged.
    הוא בן שש.‎‎ ― bén shésh.He is six years old. [literally, a son of six]
    • Genesis 7:6, with translation of Robert Alter:
      וְנֹ֕חַ בֶּן־שֵׁ֥שׁ מֵא֖וֹת שָׁנָ֑ה וְהַמַּבּ֣וּל הָיָ֔ה מַ֖יִם עַל־הָאָֽרֶץ׃‎‎
      Noah was six hundred years old when the Flood came, water over the earth.
    • 2011 September 28, Nir Hasson (ניר חסון), in Haaretz online:
      בית קברות בן 4,000 שנה שופך אור על י-ם בתקופת הברונזה
      béit-k'varót bén 4,000 shaná shofékh ór ál y-m bit'kufát-hab'rónza
      4,000-year-old cemetery sheds light on Bronze-Age Jerusalem
Usage notesEdit
DeclensionEdit

Proper nounEdit

בֵּן (bénm

  1. A male given name, Ben.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Root
ב־י־ן

VerbEdit

בָּן (bán) (pa'al construction)

  1. (rare, archaic) to understand.
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PrepositionEdit

בָּן (ban)

  1. (poetic or archaic) Form of בְּ־(b'-) including third-person feminine plural personal pronoun as object.